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Acute kidney injury (AKI) as a consequence of ischemia is a common clinical event leading to unacceptably high morbidity and mortality, development of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and transition from pre-existing CKD to end-stage renal disease. Data indicate a close interaction between the many cell types involved in the pathophysiology of ischemic AKI,(More)
OBJECTIVES During the preoperative evaluation of potential kidney donors, the increased sensitivity of spiral computed tomography (CT) could detect more asymptomatic small (less than 4 mm) renal calculi. However, whether these stones will be of consequence later has yet to be determined. We evaluated the rate of spontaneous passage, development of symptoms,(More)
The incidence of certain malignancies is significantly higher after organ transplant. However, there are rare reports of chronic myeloid leukemia in the posttransplant setting. The average reported interval between a transplant and the diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia is 44 months (range, 10- 96 mo). We report 2 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia(More)
Altered coagulation and inflammation contribute to the pathogenesis of ischemic renal injury. Thrombomodulin is a necessary factor in the anticoagulant protein C pathway and has inherent anti-inflammatory properties. We studied the effect of soluble thrombomodulin (sTM) in a hypoperfusion model of ischemic kidney injury. To markedly reduce infrarenal aortic(More)
INTRODUCTION Living donor evaluation involves imaging to determine the choice of kidney for nephrectomy. Our aim was to study the diagnostic accuracy and correlation between CT-based volume measurements and split renal function (SRF) as measured by nuclear renography in potential living donors and its impact on kidney selection decision. METHODS We(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of donor-specific antibodies (DSA) and flow cytometry crossmatch (FCCM) as tools for predicting antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in desensitized kidney recipients. Sera from 44 patients with DSA at the time of transplant were reviewed. Strength of DSA was determined by single antigen Luminex bead assay and(More)
Multiple myeloma is commonly complicated by renal failure, which limits therapeutic options and aggravates the prognosis. In myeloma the most common cause of advanced renal failure is myeloma kidney, where light chains produced by tumor cells precipitate and impede kidney function. We suggest that plasma exchange is an appropriate intervention in advanced(More)
Initial presentation of invasive fungal infections such as histoplasmosis can include non-specific clinical manifestations, especially in immunocompromised patients. A high index of suspicion is required to identify atypical manifestations of these diseases, which carry a high risk of mortality, if the diagnosis is delayed or missed. We describe a case of a(More)
Belatacept is a novel immunosuppressive agent that may be used as an alternative to calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) in immunosuppression (IS) regimens. We report two cases of pancreas transplant that were switched from tacrolimus (TAC) to belatacept. Case 1: 38-year-old female with pancreas transplant alone maintained on TAC-based IS regimen whose serum(More)
Post-kidney transplant recurrence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a major problem. AT1R is expressed on podocyte; its expression is elevated in the proteinuric state. Using an ELISA, we tested pre-transplant sera of 28 patients with history of idiopathic FSGS for anti-AT1R levels and serum soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator(More)