A. Scott Nielsen

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The effect of acute unilateral complete ureteral obstruction (UUO) on renal hemodynamics has been examined in a pig model. Pigs were operated on under general anesthesia, electromagnetic flow probes were inserted around renal arteries, and catheters were implanted in renal veins and aorta for blood sampling. The influence of 15 h of obstruction on the(More)
We used a surface-based analysis of T2* relaxation rates at 7 T magnetic resonance imaging, which allows sampling quantitative T2* throughout the cortical width, to map in vivo the spatial distribution of intracortical pathology in multiple sclerosis. Ultra-high resolution quantitative T2* maps were obtained in 10 subjects with clinically isolated(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the inter-rater agreement of cortical lesion detection using 7 Tesla (T) FLASH-T2 and 3T DIR sequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-six patients with multiple sclerosis were scanned on a human 7T (Siemens) and 3T MRI (TIM Trio, Siemens) to acquire 3T DIR/MEMPR and 7T FLASH-T2 sequences. Four independent reviewers scored and(More)
OBJECTIVES Evaluate cross-sectionally the contribution of focal cortical lesion (CL) subtypes at ultra-high-field MRI and traditional MRI metrics of brain damage to neurologic disability and cognitive performance in a heterogeneous multiple sclerosis (MS) cohort. METHODS Thirty-four patients with early or established disease including clinically isolated(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the use of a secure internet portal in an academic Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Center. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective case-control chart review of 240 patients during the years 2008 and 2009. Patient demographic and clinical information was extracted from our online medical records, and portal use metrics were provided by(More)
PURPOSE To investigate in vivo the spatial specificity of the interdependence between intracortical and white matter (WM) pathologic changes as function of cortical depth and distance from the cortex in multiple sclerosis (MS), and their independent contribution to physical and cognitive disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was institutional(More)
Obstruction of the urinary tract is associated with an increase in pelvic pressure (PP) and a decline in ipsilateral renal blood flow (RBF). To investigate the influence of the renal prostaglandins on these parameters, pigs with complete unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) were studied under general anesthesia after administration of indomethacin 30(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated T cell responses to myelin proteins in the blood of healthy controls and 2 groups of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) who exhibited lesions either predominantly in the brain or predominantly in the spinal cord in order to assess whether distinct neuroinflammatory patterns were associated with different(More)
Quantitative oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) in cortical veins was studied in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy subjects via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) phase images at 7 Tesla (7 T). Flow-compensated, three-dimensional gradient-echo scans were acquired for absolute OEF quantification in 23 patients with MS and 14 age-matched controls.(More)