A Schrott-Fischer

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Voltage-gated L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs) containing a pore-forming alpha1D subunit (D-LTCCs) are expressed in neurons and neuroendocrine cells. Their relative contribution to total L-type Ca2+ currents and their physiological role and significance as a drug target remain unknown. Therefore, we generated D-LTCC deficient mice (alpha1D-/-) that were viable(More)
Maintenance of postural balance requires an active sensorimotor control system. Current data are limited and sometimes conflicting regarding the influence of the proprioceptive, visual, and vestibular afferent systems on posture control in children. This study investigated the development of sensory organization according to each sensory component in(More)
Deafferentation of the auditory nerve from loss of sensory cells is associated with degeneration of nerve fibers and spiral ganglion neurons (SGN). SGN survival following deafferentation can be enhanced by application of neurotrophic factors (NTF), and NTF can induce the regrowth of SGN peripheral processes. Cochlear prostheses could provide targets for(More)
This study was based on high-resolution SEM assessment of freshly fixed, normal-hearing, human inner ear tissue. In addition, semiquantitative observations were made in long-term deafened temporal bone material, focusing on the spiral ganglia and nerve projections, and a detailed study of the fine bone structure in macerated tissues was performed. Our main(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder which primarily affects motor neurons. Eight cases of ALS and seven control cases were studied with semiquantitative immunocytochemistry for chromogranin A, chromogranin B and secretogranin II that are soluble constituents of large dense core vesicles, synaptophysin as a membrane protein of(More)
BACKGROUND Our knowledge about the neural code in the auditory nerve is based to a large extent on experiments on cats. Several anatomical differences between auditory neurons in human and cat are expected to lead to functional differences in speed and safety of spike conduction. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Confocal microscopy was used to(More)
Voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels formed by subunits (class D Ca(2+) channels) tightly regulate neurotransmitter release from cochlear inner hair cells (IHCs) by controlling the majority of depolarisation-induced Ca(2+) entry. We have recently shown that the absence of these channels can cause deafness and degeneration of outer hair cells (OHCs) and IHCs in(More)
CHARGE (Coloboma of the iris or retina, heart defects, atresia of the choanae, retardation of growth and/or development, genital anomalies, ear anomalies) syndrome (OMIM #214800) affects about 1 in 10,000 children and is most often caused by chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein-7 (CHD7) mutations. Inner ear defects and vestibular abnormalities are(More)
The combination of osmium tetroxide staining and high-resolution tomographic imaging using monochromatic X rays allows visualizing cellular structures of the human inner ear, that is, the organ of Corti, the stria vascularis and further soft tissues of the membranous labyrinth, in three-dimensional space with isotropic micrometre resolution. This approach(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a neuropeptide widely distributed in the peripheral and central nervous system. Demonstrated in the efferent systems of the mammalian cochlea and vestibule, immunoreactive patterns of CGRP may vary by species. There is, however, no information in the literature investigating CGRP localization in the human cochlea.(More)