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BACKGROUND Long-term exposure to urban air pollution may accelerate atherogenesis, but mechanisms are still unclear. The induction of a low-grade systemic inflammatory state is a plausible mechanistic pathway. OBJECTIVES We analyzed the association of residential long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) and high traffic with systemic inflammatory(More)
AIMS The rise of markers for myocardial injury indicates early graft-related or non-graft-related perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). A diagnostic discrimination between these two situations may enable adequate therapeutic measures, limiting myocardial damage, and improving outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
AIMS To analyse the prevalence, and diagnostic and therapeutic consequences, of accidental findings in electron-beam tomographic scans performed for evaluation of coronary artery calcification. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 1812 consecutive patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease underwent electron-beam tomography. In 583 (32%) of the(More)
AIMS Long-term exposure to urban air pollution may accelerate atherogenesis and increase cardiopulmonary mortality. We aim to examine the relationship between the long-term residential exposure to traffic and prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS AND RESULTS We used baseline data from the German Heinz Nixdorf RECALL study, a(More)
BACKGROUND Recent clinical trials have suggested that intensive versus standard lipid-lowering therapy provides for additional benefit. Electron-beam computed tomography provides the opportunity to quantify the progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in serial measurements. METHODS AND RESULTS In a multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial,(More)
BACKGROUND Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is increasingly used as an end point in studies aimed at reducing progression or inducing regression of coronary artery disease. However, data linking serial changes by IVUS with clinical outcomes are scarce. METHODS AND RESULTS In the absence of a validated risk score for secondary prevention, we compared 3(More)
BACKGROUND Residual reduction of relative coronary flow velocity reserve (rCVR) after successful coronary intervention has been related to microvascular impairment. However, the incidence of cardiac enzyme elevation as a surrogate marker of an underlying embolic myocardial injury in these cases has not been studied. METHODS AND RESULTS A series of 55(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have assessed the association between siesta and cardiovascular outcomes. Concern exists that confounding might have distorted these results and contributed to discrepancies among them. This report examines the association between siesta habits and cardiovascular risk factors, including sleep disturbances at night, depressed mood,(More)
OBJECTIVES It appears that not only depression, but also low life satisfaction (LS), is related to sleep disorder in the general population. We evaluate whether the prevalence of sleep disorder attributable to depressed mood is greater among participants with low LS. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOME MEASURES Analysis of cross-sectional data from 3880(More)