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BACKGROUND Long-term exposure to urban air pollution may accelerate atherogenesis, but mechanisms are still unclear. The induction of a low-grade systemic inflammatory state is a plausible mechanistic pathway. OBJECTIVES We analyzed the association of residential long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) and high traffic with systemic inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVE The detection of early graft failure following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) enables immediate reintervention and may significantly limit myocardial damage, thus potentially improving outcome. To date, non-invasive indicators of early graft failure following coronary surgery are still of uncertain diagnostic value. METHODS In a(More)
OBJECTIVE We wanted to prospectively assess the adverse events and hemodynamic effects associated with an intravenous adenosine infusion in patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease and who were undergoing cardiac MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and sixty-eight patients (64 ± 9 years) received adenosine (140 µg/kg/min) during cardiac(More)
AIMS Modern imaging technology allows us the visualization of coronary artery calcification (CAC), a marker of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. The prevalence, quantity, and risk factors for CAC were compared between two studies with similar imaging protocols but different source populations: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) and the(More)
Invasive coronary angiography (ICA) was the only method to image coronary arteries for a long time and is still the gold-standard. Technology of noninvasive imaging by coronary computed-tomography angiography (CCTA) has experienced remarkable progress during the last two decades. It is possible to visualize atherosclerotic lesions in the vessel wall in(More)
AIM Coronary artery calcification (CAC), as a sign of atherosclerosis, can be detected and progression quantified using computed tomography (CT). We develop a tool for predicting CAC progression. METHODS AND RESULTS In 3481 participants (45-74 years, 53.1% women) CAC percentiles at baseline (CACb) and after five years (CAC₅y) were evaluated, demonstrating(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography, and electron beam tomography scanners are built for radiologic diagnosis. With increasing frequency they are being used in the field of interventional Microtherapy to permit transparent visualization of the therapeutic field. Each of these scanners can be combined with endoscopy, fluoroscopy/digital(More)
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