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We describe a novel microarray-based approach for simultaneous identification and quantification of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV and HCV) in donor plasma specimens. The method is based on multiplex real-time RT-PCR performed within the microarray hydrogel pads. Double-stranded amplification products are(More)
Large-scale population researches, diagnostics of genetic predisposition to multifactorial diseases, screening of the polymorphic loci associated with individual sensitivity to pharmaceutical preparations, require the development of effective, exact and rapid methods of analysis for detection of many mutations simultaneously. One of the most perspective(More)
The binding of long multisite ligands to double-stranded nucleic acids is considered. The ligand is taken as a lattice of AT- and GC-specific reaction centres the sequence of which is complementary to the base pair sequence in the specific ligand interaction site on DNA. Exact equations are derived for the two cases: that when a ligand binds in a fixed(More)
Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the leading cause of cancer death in women. Inherited BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations strikingly increase OC risk (with lifetime risk estimates ranging at 10-60%). Mutation 1100delC in CHEK2 gene was shown to be associated with breast cancer in women carrying this mutation. Knowledge of the nature and frequency of population-specific(More)
BRCA1 mutations are associated with a higher risk of breast (BC) and ovarian cancer in women. Testing for such mutations allows BC prognosis, selection of an individual treatment strategy, and prevention of disease recurrence. Hybridization on a hydrogel microarray was developed for identifying point mutations in BRCA1. The microarray was designed to detect(More)
Large-scale population studies, diagnosis of genetic predisposition to a broad range of multifactorial diseases, and screening of polymorphic loci associated with individual drug resistance need efficient, accurate, and rapid techniques for identifying many mutations. One of the most promising techniques is hybridization on an oligonucleotide microarray(More)
A method for species-specific detection of orthopoxviruses pathogenic for humans and animals is described. The method is based on hybridization of a fluorescently labeled amplified DNA specimen with the oligonucleotide DNA probes immobilized on a microchip (MAGIChip). The probes identify species-specific sites within the crmB gene encoding the viral(More)
Three-dimensional gel-based microchips with immobilized proteins were used for quantitative immunoassay of a series of plant (ricin and viscumin) and bacterial (staphylococcal enterotoxin B, tetanus and diphtheria toxins, and lethal factor of anthrax) toxins. It was shown that different types of immunoassays (direct, competitive, and sandwich type) could be(More)
A generic oligodeoxyribonucleotide microchip was used to determine the sequence specificity of Hoechst 33258 binding to double-stranded DNA. The generic microchip contained 4096 oxctadeoxynucleo-tides in which all possible 4(6)= 4096 hexadeoxy-nucleotide sequences are flanked on both the 3'- and 5'-ends with equimolar mixtures of four bases. The microchip(More)
Ovarian cancer (OC) is among the leading causes of cancer-related mortality in women. A high risk of OC (lifetime estimates ranging 10–60%) is determined by BRCA1/2 mutations. The 1100delC variant of CHEK2 is associated with predisposition to breast cancer (BC) in women. With the known spectrum and frequencies of mutations of these genes, it is possible to(More)