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The relationships between symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF) activity and C fluxes were investigated in pea plants (Pisum sativum L. cv. Baccara) using simultaneous 13C and 15N labelling. Analysis of the dynamics of labelled CO2 efflux from the nodulated roots allowed the different components associated with SNF activity to be calculated, together with root(More)
The effect of the nitrogen source (gaseous nitrogen, N2, or nitrate ions, NO3-) on the use of carbon (C) for root and nodule growth of pea (Pisum sativum L.) was investigated using 13C-labelling of assimilated CO2 at various stages of growth. Nitrate supply and growing conditions (sowing dates, air CO2 concentration) were varied to alter photosynthetic(More)
The influence of soil nitrate availability, crop growth rate and phenology on the activity of symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF) during the growth cycle of pea (Pisum sativum cv. Baccara) was investigated in the field under adequate water availability, applying various levels of fertiliser N at the time of sowing. Nitrate availability in the ploughed layer(More)
The effect of nitrogen source (N(2) or nitrate) on carbon assimilation by photosynthesis and on carbon partitioning between shoots and roots was investigated in pea (Pisum sativum L. 'Baccara') plants at different growth stages using (13)C labelling. Plants were grown in the greenhouse on different occasions in 1999 and 2000. Atmospheric [CO(2)] and growth(More)
The effect of mineral N availability on nitrogen nutrition and biomass partitioning between shoot and roots of pea (Pisum sativum L., cv Baccara) was investigated under adequately watered conditions in the field, using five levels of fertiliser N application at sowing (0, 50, 100, 200 and 400 kg N ha−1). Although the presence of mineral N in the soil(More)
Humanity is heading toward the major challenge of having to increase food production by about 50% by 2050 to cater for an additional three billion inhabitants, in a context of arable land shrinking and degradation, nutrient deficiencies, increased water scarcity, and uncertainty due to predicted climatic changes. Already today, water scarcity is probably(More)
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS Nitrogen nutrition of legumes, which relies both on atmospheric N2 and soil mineral N, remains a major limiting factor of growth. A decade ago, breeders tried to increase N uptake through hypernodulation. Despite their high nodule biomass, hypernodulating mutants were never shown to accumulate more nitrogen than wild types; they even(More)
Legumes are major plants for sustainable agriculture because legumes fix atmospheric N2 in symbiosis with soil bacteria. Previous investigations have attempted to increase N2 fixation by creating hypernodulating mutants for several legume species. However, such genetic mutation has failed to increase symbiotic fixation because hypernodulation is usually(More)
Plant and soil types are usually considered as the two main drivers of the rhizosphere microbial communities. The aim of this work was to study the effect of both N availability and plant genotype on the plant associated rhizosphere microbial communities, in relation to the nutritional strategies of the plant-microbe interactions, for six contrasted(More)
A better knowledge of the nitrogen nutrition of Medicago truncatula at the whole plant level and its modulation by environmental factors is a crucial step to reach a complete understanding of legume nitrogen nutrition. This study was based on the symbiotic system that is the most commonly used by the research community (M. truncatula cv. Jemalong A17 x(More)