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Primary transcripts (precursor-mRNAs) with introns can undergo alternative splicing to produce multiple transcripts from a single gene by differential use of splice sites, thereby increasing the transcriptome and proteome complexity within and between cells and tissues. Alternative splicing in plants is largely an unexplored area of gene expression, as this(More)
The U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein 70-kDa protein, a U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein-specific protein, has been shown to have multiple roles in nuclear precursor mRNA processing in animals. By using the C-terminal arginine-rich region of Arabidopsis U1-70K protein in the yeast two-hybrid system, we have identified an SC35-like (SR33) and a novel(More)
Abiotic and biotic stresses are major limiting factors of crop yields and cause billions of dollars of losses annually around the world. It is hoped that understanding at the molecular level how plants respond to adverse conditions and adapt to a changing environment will help in developing plants that can better cope with stresses. Acquisition of stress(More)
Alternative splicing (AS) of precursor mRNAs (pre-mRNAs) from multiexon genes allows organisms to increase their coding potential and regulate gene expression through multiple mechanisms. Recent transcriptome-wide analysis of AS using RNA sequencing has revealed that AS is highly pervasive in plants. Pre-mRNAs from over 60% of intron-containing genes(More)
Calmodulin, a ubiquitous calcium-binding protein, regulates many diverse cellular functions by modulating the activity of the proteins that interact with it. Here, we report isolation of a cDNA encoding a novel kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP) from Arabidopsis using biotinylated calmodulin as a probe. Calcium-dependent binding of the(More)
Kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP) is a recently identified novel kinesin-like protein that appears to be unique to and ubiquitous in plants. KCBP is distinct from all other known KLPs in having a calmodulin-binding domain adjacent to its motor domain. We have used different regions of KCBP to study its interaction with tubulin subunits and the(More)
The kinesin-like calmodulin (CaM) binding protein (KCBP), a minus end-directed microtubule motor protein unique to plants, has been implicated in cell division. KCBP is negatively regulated by Ca(2)+ and CaM, and antibodies raised against the CaM binding region inhibit CaM binding to KCBP in vitro; therefore, these antibodies can be used to activate KCBP(More)
The U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle (U1 snRNP) 70K protein (U1-70K), one of the three U1 snRNP-specific proteins, is implicated in basic and alternative splicing of nuclear pre-mRNAs. We have used the Arabidopsis U1-70K in the yeast two-hybrid system to isolate cDNAs encoding proteins that interact with it. This screening has resulted in the(More)
U1-70K, a U1 snRNP-specific protein, and serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins are components of the spliceosome and play critical roles in both constitutive and alternative pre-mRNA splicing. However, the mobility properties of U1-70K, its in vivo interaction with SR proteins, and the mobility of the U1-70K-SR protein complex have not been studied in any(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that Ca 2 + serves as a messenger in many normal growth and developmental process and in plant responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. Numerous signals have been shown to induce transient elevation of [Ca 2 + ] cyt in plants. Genetic, biochemical, molecular and cell biological approaches in recent years have resulted in(More)