A S Kaplanskiĭ

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Summarized are the results of comparative analysis of morphological changes in rat's skeletal muscles after microgravity and its simulation. On completion of space flight, hindlimb muscles of rats exhibited atrophy developed in space microgravity in consequence of the lack of weight-bearing loads and changes solely in the slow anti-g muscles due to the(More)
Proximal metaphyses of tibial bones from the Sprague-Dowly rats exposed in US dedicated space life sciences laboratory SLS-2 for 13-14 days and sacrificed on day 13 in microgravity and within 5 hours and 14 days following recovery were the subject of histological, histochemical, and histomorphometric analyses. After the 13-day flight of SLS-2 the rats(More)
Two days before launch of the biosatellite Cosmos-2044 five rats were exposed to surgical intervention: their fibulas were cut bilaterally. The purpose was to study the effect of microgravity on bone fracture healing. Histologically and histomorphometrically it was demonstrated that healing was inhibited; as a result, bone callus was poorly developed and(More)
Morphofunctional changes in somatotrophs and gonadotrophs of the adenohypophysis and Leydig's cells in the testicles were investigated histologically and hystomorphometrically in male rats following microgravity or tail-suspension. Deficient loading of the musculoskeletal system in microgravity was shown to suppress the functional activity of somatotrophs,(More)
The article includes excerpts from The Bioethic Rules of Research With Humans and Animals that have established on analysis of national and international bioethic guidelines for biomedical research with the use of humans and animals and are a part of the ISS human use guidelines.
Cytochysiological and cytophotometric studies carried out for 9-11 days on rabbits showed that hypoxic hypoxia (equivalent to the altitude of 5000 m) led to depression of the phagocytic activity of the alveolar macrophages. Simultaneously macrophages of the lungs displayed an increase in the activity of lactic and glucoso-6-phosphoric dehydrogenases, and a(More)
Immunohistochemistry and histomorphometry were employed to assay thyroid and parathyroid glands in hypophysectomized rats following a10-day tail suspension in head-down position and daily injection of either physiological solution or growth hormone or insulin-like growth factor 1 on the background of physical exercise, i.e. ascent up a 1 m high staircase(More)
Survey histological study of the heart, lung, liver, kidney, pancreas, adrenals, thymus, spleen, testicles of the Mongolian gerbil Meriones unguiculatus with a body mass of about 27 g showed their macro- and microscopic similarity with the organs of laboratory rats and mice notwithstanding some slight differences. For instance, the ascending knee of(More)