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Recent evidence suggests that a novel serotonin receptor 5-HT7 localized in the hypothalamus downregulates in response to treatment with the antidepressant fluoxetine (Sleight et al. 1995). This receptor has also been implicated in the regulation of circadian rhythms (Lovenberg et al. 1993). Here, we show that several agents administered in a profile(More)
Recent pharmacologic studies suggest that nefazodone may possess antidepressant activity. Nefazodone is active in behavioral models predictive of antidepressant potential. It is active in reversing learned helplessness, prevents reserpine-induced ptosis, and enhances response efficiency in the differential reinforcement for low rates of response paradigm.(More)
Interactions between melatonin and serotonin type 2A (5-HT2A) receptors in the regulation of the sleep-wakefulness cycle in the rat have been reported. We studied the acute effects of melatonin and related agonists on 5-HT2A neurotransmission as reflected in behavioral (head shake) and biochemical [phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis] responses to 5-HT2A(More)
1. Anatomical, behavioral, neurochemical and electrophysiological evidence collectively support a role for central 5-HT in the modulation of anxiety and the anti-anxiety action of the benzodiazepines. 2. The advent of selective agonists and antagonists for 5-HT receptor subtypes (5-HT1, 5-HT2, 5-HT3) has rekindled investigation of the role of 5-HT in(More)
Buspirone is a novel anxiolytic agent unrelated to the benzodiazepines in structure or pharmacologic properties. Extensive clinical studies have shown buspirone to be effective in the treatment of anxiety, with efficacy comparable to diazepam or clorazepate. Buspirone exhibits a unique pharmacologic profile in that it alleviates anxiety without causing(More)
Numerous investigations have studied in vivo regulation of central 5-HT2A receptors. The majority of pharmacological studies point to non-classical regulation of this site. Serotonergic denervation does not modify 5-HT2A receptor density or second messenger responses (phosphoinositide hydrolysis). 5-HT2A receptor downregulation is produced by the chronic(More)
Nefazodone is a new antidepressant drug with a pharmacologic profile distinct from that of the tricyclic, monoamine oxidase inhibitor, and serotonin selective reuptake inhibitor antidepressants. Nefazodone was initially discovered for its ability to block 5-HT2A receptors and its reduced potency as an alpha 1-adrenergic blocker. It was later shown to(More)
The effects of chronic (14 day) administration of the tricyclic antidepressant imipramine, the serotonin-2 (5-HT2) antagonist ketanserin, and the serotonin agonist quipazine on 5-HT2 receptor binding parameters and 5-HT2-mediated behavior were examined in rats with or without prior serotonergic denervation [via 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT)] or(More)
Buspirone is a clinically effective anxiolytic with a unique structure and pharmacology which distinguishes it from the benzodiazepines. It has been termed anxioselective because it lacks anticonvulsant, sedative, or muscle-relaxant properties. Preclinical evidence suggests it lacks potential for abuse or physical dependence and interacts minimally with CNS(More)
Behavioral syndromes mediated by serotonergic mechanisms may reflect interactions between distinct effects initiated by specific 5-HT receptors, such as the 5-HT1A and the 5-HT2 receptor. This hypothesis was tested by examining the effect of various 5-HT1A agonists on the 5-HT2 receptor-mediated quipazine-induced head shake response in rats. Subcutaneous(More)