Learn More
Nefazodone is a new antidepressant drug with a pharmacologic profile distinct from that of the tricyclic, monoamine oxidase inhibitor, and serotonin selective reuptake inhibitor antidepressants. Nefazodone was initially discovered for its ability to block 5-HT2A receptors and its reduced potency as an alpha 1-adrenergic blocker. It was later shown to(More)
The literature describing the role of serotonin (5-HT) in the mediation of anxiety is a controversial one. Serotonergic involvement in the mechanism of action of two nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytics, buspirone and gepirone, supports a role for serotonin in anxiety. The anticonflict effect of both drugs is blocked by serotonin lesions, and gepirone induces the(More)
Recent evidence suggests that a novel serotonin receptor 5-HT7 localized in the hypothalamus downregulates in response to treatment with the antidepressant fluoxetine (Sleight et al. 1995). This receptor has also been implicated in the regulation of circadian rhythms (Lovenberg et al. 1993). Here, we show that several agents administered in a profile(More)
Buspirone is a novel anxiolytic agent unrelated to the benzodiazepines in structure or pharmacologic properties. Extensive clinical studies have shown buspirone to be effective in the treatment of anxiety, with efficacy comparable to diazepam or clorazepate. Buspirone exhibits a unique pharmacologic profile in that it alleviates anxiety without causing(More)
Recent pharmacologic studies suggest that nefazodone may possess antidepressant activity. Nefazodone is active in behavioral models predictive of antidepressant potential. It is active in reversing learned helplessness, prevents reserpine-induced ptosis, and enhances response efficiency in the differential reinforcement for low rates of response paradigm.(More)
The behavioural response following infusion of a novel, stable substance P (SP) analogue, DiMe-C7, into the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of rats was characterized and contrasted with the response to an equal dose of the parent compound SP. DiMe-C7 produced a longer-lasting behavioural stimulation than SP as evidenced in several behaviours, including(More)
Continuous amphetamine administration has proven to be a useful pharmacological tool. The two systems popularly used for the continuous administration of amphetamine differ in their release characteristics; output of drug from passive diffusion silicone-tubing implants gradually declines over several days, while that osmotically driven, active pumps remain(More)
Although the ability of agonists at specific serotonin (5-HT) receptor subtypes to induce distinct behaviors has been well documented in the rat, similar studies have not been reported in the Mongolian gerbil. We have found that the 5-HT1A/5-HT2 agonist 5-methoxy,N-N dimethyltryptamine (5-MeODMT) (0.5-8 mg/kg, SC), the specific 5-HT1A agonist(More)
Buspirone HCl (Buspar) is a novel anxiolytic agent unrelated to the benzodiazepines or other psychotherapeutic agents. Animal studies support an anxioselective profile, i.e. relief of anxiety without sedation, muscle relaxation or anticonvulsant activity. Double-blind clinical studies show buspirone to be effective in the treatment of anxiety and anxiety in(More)
Chronic (14 day) administration of several pharmacologically-distinct antidepressant drugs resulted in marked reductions in the serotonin2 (5-HT2)-mediated quipazine-induced head shake response which were accompanied by significant reductions in the density of cortical Β-adrenergic and 5-HT2 binding sites. Noradrenergic(More)