A. S. Alexandrov

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Reversible bipolar nanoswitches that can be set and read electronically in a solid-state two-terminal device are very promising for applications. We have performed molecular dynamics simulations that mimic systems with oxygen vacancies interacting via realistic potentials and driven by an external bias voltage. The competing short- and long-range(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to investigate the potentials (intracellular, extracellular, electrotonic) and excitability properties (strength-duration and charge-duration curves, strength-duration time constants, rheobases, recovery cycles) in three cases of uniform myelin wrap reduction (20, 50 and 70%) along the fibre length. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Recently the pathophysiological role of endothelin (ET) has been presumed in a number of adrenal disorders such as primary hyperaldosteronism, pheochromocytoma and adrenocortical insufficiency. AIM The aim of the present study was to evaluate circulating ET-1 levels in patients with endogenous Cushing's syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS Plasma(More)
Duchenne and Becker types of muscular dystrophy are usually differentiated according to age of onset and rate of progression criteria which are not sufficient. The aim of this paper was to re-establish the clues for distinguishing Duchenne from Becker types of muscular dystrophy. According to the onset and progression of the disease, one hundred and eleven(More)
This study provides numerical simulations of some of the abnormalities in the potentials and axonal excitability indices of human motor nerve fibers in simulated cases of internodal, paranodal and simultaneously of paranodal internodal demyelinations, each of them systematic or focal. A 70% reduction of the myelin lamellae (defining internodal(More)
We studied the topographical distribution and morphological characteristics of NADPH-diaphorase-positive neurons and fibers in the human claustrum. These neurons were seen to be heterogeneously distributed throughout the claustrum. Taking into account the size and shape of stained perikarya as well as dendritic and axonal characteristics, Nicotinamide(More)
The membrane properties (intracellular, extracellular, electrotonic potentials, strength-duration time constants, rheobasic currents and recovery cycles), which can now be measured in healthy subjects and patients with demyelinating neuropathies, are investigated in simulated cases of focal reduction (70%) of the myelin sheath in one, two and three(More)
To clarify the mechanisms of accommodative processes in systematic demyelinating neuropathies, this study presents the kinetics of the ionic, transaxonal and transmyelin currents defining the electrotonic potentials in different segments of human demyelinated motor fibres. The electrotonic potentials are obtained for fibres, which are in simulated cases of(More)
Membrane properties such as potentials (intracellular, extracellular, electrotonic) and axonal excitability indices (strength-duration and charge-duration curves, strength-duration time constants, rheobasic currents, recovery cycles) can now be measured in healthy subjects and patients with demyelinating neuropathies. They are regarded here in two cases of(More)