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Small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLVs), including maedi-visna virus (MVV) of sheep and caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV), are widespread, cause fatal diseases and are responsible for major production losses in sheep and goats. Seventy years after the legendary maedi-visna sheep epidemic in Iceland, which led to the first isolation of a SRLV and(More)
The chromosomal distribution of mobile genetic elements is scarcely known in Arvicolinae species, but could be of relevance to understand the origin and complex evolution of the sex chromosome heterochromatin. In this work we cloned two retrotransposon sequences, L1 and SINE-B1, from the genome of Chionomys nivalis and investigated their chromosomal(More)
Long interspersed nuclear elements (L1 or LINE-1) are the most abundant and active retroposons in the mammalian genome. Traditionally, the bulk of L1 sequences have been explained by the ‘selfish DNA’ hypothesis; however, recently it has been also argued that L1s could play an important role in genome and gene organizations. The non-random chromosomal(More)
Sex chromosomes in species of the genus Microtus present some characteristic features that make them a very interesting group to study sex chromosome composition and evolution. M. cabrerae and M. agrestis have enlarged sex chromosomes (known as ‘giant sex chromosomes’) due to the presence of large heterochromatic blocks. By chromosome microdissection, we(More)
In most mammals, the Y chromosome is composed of a large amount of constitutive heterochromatin. In some Microtus species, this feature is also extended to the X chromosome, resulting in enlarged (giant) sex chromosomes. Several repeated DNA sequences have been described in the gonosomal heterochromatin of these species, indicating that it has heterogeneous(More)
The inheritance of mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes does not follow Mendelian laws, but proceeds by vegetative segregation. Most organisms show organelle homoplasmy, which is probably produced and maintained during sexual reproduction. We have tested the effect of prolonged vegetative multiplication in the maintenance of mitochondrial homoplasmy and(More)
The distribution of telomeric repeats was analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization in 15 species of arvicoline rodents, included in three different genera: Chionomys, Arvicola, and Microtus. The results demonstrated that in most or the analyzed species, telomeric sequences are present, in addition to normal telomeres localization, as large blocks in(More)
Relapse is the main cause of therapeutic failure in follicular lymphoma (FL). We set out to evaluate the role of consolidation with Yttrium-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan in patients with intermediate- and high-risk FL after four cycles of CHOP-R (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone, rituximab) and two cycles of CHOP. Thirty patients were(More)
The Erythrinidae fish family is characterized by a large variation with respect to diploid chromosome numbers and sex-determining systems among its species, including two multiple X1X2Y sex systems in Hoplias malabaricus and Erythrinus erythrinus. At first, the occurrence of a same sex chromosome system within a family suggests that the sex chromosomes are(More)
Arvicolid rodents present both synaptic and asynaptic sex chromosomes. We analyzed the pairing behaviour of sex chromosomes in two species belonging to this rodent group (Microtus nivalis and Arvicola sapidus). At pachynema, the sex chromosomes of both species paired in a small region while the rest remain unsynapsed. Consequently at metaphase I, sex(More)