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The molecular, cellular or tissue environment can influence the expression of genes and thereby regulate processes of tissue formation. Here we determined the tissue and serum dependence of the expression of all photopigments in the chick by a series of distinct retinal cell cultures, analyzed by RT-PCR using specific primers for all four opsins and(More)
The CellDrum technology (The term 'CellDrum technology' includes a couple of slightly different technological setups for measuring lateral mechanical tension in various types of cell monolayers or 3D-tissue constructs) was designed to quantify the contraction rate and mechanical tension of self-exciting cardiac myocytes. Cells were grown either within(More)
Glycogen is the major energy reserve in neural tissues including the retina. A key-enzyme in glycogen metabolism is glycogen phosphorylase (GP) which exists in three differentially regulated isoforms. By applying isozyme-specific antibodies it could be demonstrated that the GP BB (brain), but not the GP MM (muscle) isoform is expressed in the chicken retina(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the role(s) of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) on expression of rod photoreceptor and dopaminergic amacrine cell-specific genes in an in vitro reaggregate model of the chick retina. METHODS Retinal reaggregates derived from embryonic day (E)6 chicks (rosetted spheroids) were supplemented with 50 ng/mL GDNF, or,(More)
The reaggregate approach involves the regeneration of histotypical three-dimensional spheres from dispersed cells of a given tissue in suspension culture. Reaggregated spheres are used as tumour, genetic, toxicological, biohybrid and neurosphere models, and often replace animal experimentation. A particularly instructive example is the use of reaggregation(More)
Müller cells, that belong to the family of radial glia cells, have central functions during retinogenesis. They form a stabilizing scaffold, they are candidate targets for the mediation of extraneous retinogenetic factors, and they are an important source for retina-borne retinogenetic factors. Reaggregate cultures allow the analysis of retinogenesis from(More)
Plasticity of photoreceptors and their integration into epithelial structures homologous to an outer nuclear layer (ONL), was investigated in embryonic chick retinal cell reaggregates by immunohistochemistry using an antibody specific for red plus green cones (RG-cones) and an antibody for rods. If reaggregates are raised in the presence of pigmented(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the role of glial-cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) on proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of different retinal cell types--in particular, photoreceptor cells. METHODS Reaggregated histotypic spheres, derived from retinal cells of the E6 chicken embryo were used. Under rotation, so-called rosetted spheroids(More)
Cells from dissociated embryonic avian retinae have the capacity to re-aggregate in rotation culture and form cellular spheres reconstituting a complete arrangement of all retinal layers. This exquisite phenomenon is based upon in vitro proliferation of multipotent precursor stem cells and spatial organization of their differentiating descendants. The(More)
During eye formation, inductive phenomena occurring between retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) and retina are not well understood. After briefly summarizing the normal development of retina and RPE, we present three-dimensional in vitro models of the chick embryonic retina which allows elucidation of RPE-retina interactions. In such retinospheroids, a(More)