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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia in the elderly population. Three genes have been identified as responsible for the rare early-onset familial form of the disease: the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene, the presenilin 1 (PSEN1) gene and the presenilin 2 (PSEN2) gene. Mutations in these genes, however, account for less than 5%(More)
A tandemly repeated unit of 6553 bp containing a copy of the four core histone genes H2B, H2A, H3, and H4, and also a 5S rRNA gene, was amplified by PCR from genomic DNA of the isopod crustacean Asellus aquaticus. The linkage between 5S rRNA genes and histone genes has been so far observed in only one other organism, the anostrac crustacean Artemia salina.(More)
Common fragile sites are nonrandom loci that show gaps and breaks when cells are exposed to specific compounds. They are preferentially involved in recombination, chromosomal rearrangements, and foreign DNA integration. These sites have been suggested to play a role in chromosome instability observed in cancer. In this work we used a FISH-based approach to(More)
A woman with typical features of myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers (MERRF) had a novel heteroplasmic mutation (G611A) in the mitochondrial DNA tRNA phenylalanine gene. The mutation was heteroplasmic (91%) in muscle but undetectable in accessible tissues from the patient and her maternal relatives. Single-fiber PCR analysis showed that the proportion(More)
Patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) often exhibit psychotic symptoms associated with cognitive impairment. A few association studies have been carried out to determine if the serotonin transporter and receptor genes are potential risk factors for AD and/or associated psychopathology. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of a serotonin(More)
We investigated the 5S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes of the isopod crustacean Asellus aquaticus. Using PCR amplification, three different tandemly repeated units containing 5S rDNA were identified. Two of the three sequences were cloned and sequenced. One of them was 1842 bp and presented a 5S rRNA gene and a U1 small nuclear RNA (snRNA) gene. This type of(More)
Before the discovery of the myotonic dystrophy (DM) gene, the DM epidemiological rates could not be accurately estimated. The aim of this study was to calculate the DM prevalence rates in Padova (North-East Italy) and in four provinces of North-West Tuscany (Central Italy) and, as of 30 June 1999, to do so using molecular genetic testing. A minimum(More)
Distamycin A, an oligopeptide antibiotic, supplied at various concentrations for 24 h to human leukocytes in culture, has induced the appearance on some chromosomes of specific areas lacking spiralization. In particular, the centromeric regions of chromosomes 1, 3 and one C-group chromosome and the distal part of the long arm of the Y chromosome were(More)
Mitochondrial impairment has been implicated in the pathogenesis of the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Furthermore, mitochondrial-specific polymorphisms were previously related to other neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson, Friedreich and Alzheimer disease. To investigate if specific genetic polymorphisms within the mitochondrial genome(More)
The mammalian chromosomes present specific sites of gaps or breaks, the common fragile sites (CFSs), when the cells are exposed to DNA replication stress or to some DNA binding compounds. CFSs span hundreds or thousands of kilobases. The analysis of these sequences has not definitively clarified the causes of their fragility. There is considerable evidence(More)