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The long noncoding RNA MALAT1 (metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1), also known as MALAT-1 or NEAT2 (nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 2), is a highly conserved nuclear noncoding RNA (ncRNA) and a predictive marker for metastasis development in lung cancer. To uncover its functional importance, we developed a MALAT1 knockout model in(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) hold promise for gene-specific knockdown in diseases that involve RNA or protein gain-of-function effects. In the hereditary degenerative disease myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), transcripts from the mutant allele contain an expanded CUG repeat and are retained in the nucleus. The mutant RNA exerts a toxic gain-of-function(More)
Nonselective inhibitors of human histone deacetylases (HDAC) are known to have antitumor activity in mice in vivo, and several of them are under clinical investigation. The first of these, Vorinostat (SAHA), has been approved for treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Questions remain concerning which HDAC isotype(s) are the best to target for anticancer(More)
Transcriptional silencing by CpG island methylation is a prevalent mechanism of tumor-suppressor gene suppression in cancers. Genetic experiments have defined the importance of the DNA methyltransferase Dnmt1 for the maintenance of methylation in mouse cells and its role in neoplasia. In human bladder cancer cells, selective depletion of DNMT1 with(More)
Using deletion analysis and site-specific mutagenesis to map the 5' regulatory region of the DNA methyltransferase (MeTase) gene, we show that a 106-bp sequence (at -1744 to -1650) bearing three AP-1 sites is responsible for induction of DNA MeTase promoter activity. Using transient cotransfection chloramphenicol acetyl-transferase assays in P19 cells, we(More)
We have isolated a cDNA clone from a human fibroblast cDNA library that contains the entire protein-coding region of a 1.1-kilobase mRNA. This mRNA encodes a 284-amino acid tropomyosin, the primary structure of which most closely resembles smooth muscle tropomyosin. Thus, the expression of both 284-amino acid muscle-type and 247-amino acid non-muscle-type(More)
Estrogen receptor alpha (ER) is an epigenetically regulated gene. Inhibitors of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) synergistically activate the methylated ER gene promoter in ER-negative MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation was used to examine the chromatin status and repressor complex associated(More)
BACKGROUND Hypermethylation and inactivation of tumor suppressor genes by the enzyme DNA methyltransferase may lead to neoplastic transformation. MG98, a phosphorothioate antisense oligodeoxynucleotide that is a specific inhibitor of mRNA for human DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), was evaluated in a phase I study. PATIENTS AND METHODS MG98 was given as a(More)
Abnormal methylation and associated silencing of tumor suppressor genes is a common feature of many types of cancers. The observation of persistent methylation in human cancer cells lacking the maintenance methyltransferase DNMT1 suggests the involvement of other DNA methyltransferases in gene silencing in cancer. To test this hypothesis, we have evaluated(More)
The complete amino-acid sequence of 194 residues of trout testis histone H1 has been elucidated by automated Edman degradation of large peptides derived from specific cleavages at infrequent amino-acid residues. Trout testis histone H1 has a molecular weight of 19314, is only slighly microheterogeneous, and possesses pentapeptide sequences related to(More)