A. Robert Calderbank

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We introduce space–time block coding, a new paradigm for communication over Rayleigh fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded using a space–time block code and the encoded data is split into n streams which are simultaneously transmitted using n transmit antennas. The received signal at each receive antenna is a linear superposition(More)
We consider the design of channel codes for improving the data rate and/or the reliability of communications over fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded by a channel code and the encoded data is split into n streams that are simultaneously transmitted using n transmit antennas. The received signal at each receive antenna is a(More)
We document the performance of space–time block codes [13], [14], which provide a new paradigm for transmission over Rayleigh fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded using a space–time block code, and the encoded data is split into n streams which are simultaneously transmitted using n transmit antennas. The received signal at each(More)
The problem of finding quantum-error-correcting codes is transformed into the problem of finding additive codes over the field GF (4) which are self-orthogonal with respect to a certain trace inner product. Many new codes and new bounds are presented, as well as a table of upper and lower bounds on such codes of length up to 30 qubits. Manuscript received ;(More)
Certain notorious nonlinear binary codes contain more codewords than any known linear code. These include the codes constructed by Nordstrom-Robinson , Kerdock, Preparata, Goethals, and Delsarte-Goethals . It is shown here that all these codes can be very simply constructed as binary images under the Gray map of linear codes over Z4, the integers mod 4(More)
| Network protocols in layered architectures have historically been obtained on an ad hoc basis, and many of the recent cross-layer designs are also conducted through piecemeal approaches. Network protocol stacks may instead be holistically analyzed and systematically designed as distributed solutions to some global optimization problems. This paper(More)
A quantum error-correcting code is a way of encoding quantum states into qubits (two-state quantum systems) so that error or decoherence in a small number of individual qubits has little or no effect on the encoded data. The existence of quantum error-correcting codes was discovered only recently [1]. Although the subject is relatively new, a large number(More)