A. Riordan

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Cerebral computed tomography perfusion (CTP) scans are acquired to detect areas of abnormal perfusion in patients with cerebrovascular diseases. These 4D CTP scans consist of multiple sequential 3D CT scans over time. Therefore, to reduce radiation exposure to the patient, the amount of x-ray radiation that can be used per sequential scan is limited, which(More)
Blood-brain barrier damage, which can be quantified by measuring vascular permeability, is a potential predictor for hemorrhagic transformation in acute ischemic stroke. Permeability is commonly estimated by applying Patlak analysis to computed tomography (CT) perfusion data, but this method lacks precision. Applying more elaborate kinetic models by means(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of CT-perfusion (CTP) by finding the optimal artery for the arterial input function (AIF) and re-evaluating the necessity of the venous output function (VOF). METHODS Forty-four acute ischaemic stroke patients who underwent non-enhanced CT, CTP and CT-angiography using 256-slice multidetector(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether iterative reconstruction (IR) in cerebral CT perfusion (CTP) allows for 50% dose reduction while maintaining image quality (IQ). METHODS A total of 48 CTP examinations were reconstructed into a standard dose (150 mAs) with filtered back projection (FBP) and half-dose (75 mAs) with two strengths of IR (middle and high).(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In CTP, an arterial input function is used for cerebral blood volume measurement. AIFs are often influenced by partial volume effects resulting in overestimated CBV. A venous output function is manually selected to correct for partial volume. This can introduce variability. Our goal was to develop a CTP protocol that enables AIF(More)
PURPOSE Development and evaluation of a realistic hybrid head phantom for the validation of quantitative CT brain perfusion methods. METHODS A combination, or hybrid, of CT images of an anthropomorphic head phantom together with clinically acquired MRI brain images was used to construct a dynamic hybrid head phantom. Essential CT imaging parameters such(More)
OBJECTIVE Computed Tomography Perfusion (CTP) is a promising tool to support treatment decision for acute ischemic stroke patients. However, head movement during acquisition may limit its applicability. Information of the extent of head motion is currently lacking. Our purpose is to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the extent of head movement during(More)
Head movement is common during CT brain perfusion (CTP) acquisition of patients with acute ischemic stroke. The effects of this movement on the accuracy of CTP analysis has not been studied previously. The purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of head movement on CTP analysis summary maps using simulated phantom data. A dynamic digital CTP(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It has been suggested that CT Perfusion acquisition times <60 seconds are too short to capture the complete in and out-wash of contrast in the tissue, resulting in incomplete time attenuation curves. Yet, these short acquisitions times are not uncommon in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence(More)
OBJECTIVE Perfusion imaging is increasingly used for postoperative evaluation of extracranial to intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery. Altered hemodynamics and delayed arrival of the contrast agent in the area fed by the bypass can influence perfusion measurement. We compared perfusion asymmetry obtained with different algorithms in EC-IC bypass surgery(More)