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We assessed brain activation of nine normal right-handed volunteers in a positron emission tomography study designed to differentiate the functional anatomy of the two major components of auditory comprehension of language, namely phonological versus lexico-semantic processing. The activation paradigm included three tasks. In the reference task, subjects(More)
We have measured with single-photon emission tomography the regional cerebral blood flow changes that occurred in the supplementary motor areas and in the primary sensory motor areas during sequential finger-to-thumb opposition movements of the right hand in seven akinetic patients with Parkinson's disease and in nine normal volunteers. Parkinsonian(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) changes in cortical motor areas were measured during a movement of the dominant right hand in 15 patients with Parkinson's disease deprived of their usual levodopa treatment, in 11 patients with Parkinson's disease undergoing long-term treatment with levodopa, and in 15 normal volunteers. The supplementary motor areas(More)
In 9 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy and in 27 controls, dopamine and homovanillic acid concentrations, choline acetyltransferase (CAT) activity, and the number of [3H]spiperone and [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate binding sites were measured post mortem in the striatum (caudate nucleus, putamen, and nucleus accumbens), substantia innominata, and(More)
Pure motor hemiplegia (PMH) is a well defined syndrome usually caused by ischemic lesions of lacunar type located either in the internal capsule or in the pons. Angiography and isotope scanning are usually normal. CT scan reveals small deep infarcts and appears to be the most reliable investigative method. The CT scan findings are described of thirty(More)
We investigated 15 patients with one or more transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) in the internal carotid artery territory within the month following the most recent TIA. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured by single-photon emission computed tomography, using intravenous xenon-133 before and after injection of 1 g acetazolamide. Six patients had severe(More)
Quantitated automated electro-oculographic data from 45 parkinsonian patients were compared with those from 30 normal control subjects. Patients were selected with idiopathic Parkinson's disease without other associated neurological disease or dementia; 20 had never received antiparkinsonian drugs and in 25 such treatment had been stopped for at least 2(More)
The frequency of square wave jerks (SWJ) was compared in eight patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), 25 patients with multiple system atrophy or Parkinson's disease plus (MSA/PP), 85 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and 20 age-matched normal volunteers. In the control group, the mean (SD) SWJ frequency (SWJ larger than 1(More)
We have measured the gain of the vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) in darkness and its cancellation by fixation in 37 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), 26 patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA), 11 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and 19 normal volunteers. The capacity to cancel the VOR by fixation (VOR cancellation) was(More)
Cognitive, haemodynamic and EEG lateral asymmetries have been quantified in 20 patients with Primary Degenerative Dementia (PDD) and in 20 age-matched normal volunteers. Normalized asymmetry scores were calculated from the data obtained with a test battery, with SPECT and with quantitative EEG. Significant correlations were found between cognitive,(More)