A Randolph Garnett

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STUDY OBJECTIVE To further define the relationship between cardiac output (CO) and end-tidal carbon dioxide tension (ETCO2) at various levels of systemic flow. DESIGN Prospective, controlled laboratory investigation. SETTING Animal laboratory. TYPE OF PARTICIPANTS Fourteen anesthetized, intubated sheep weighing 23 to 47 kg. INTERVENTIONS One hundred(More)
The end-tidal carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration has been found to correlate with cardiac output during and after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in animal models. We monitored end-tidal CO2 values continuously during cardiac resuscitation in 23 humans while ventilation was held constant with a computer-controlled CPR Thumper. This report focuses on ten(More)
The optimal dose of epinephrine during CPR in human beings is unknown. We studied ten prehospital cardiac arrest patients (six men and four women; mean age, 54 +/- 5 years) to determine the vasopressor response and change in the end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration (PetCO2) after incremental (1-, 3-, and 5-mg) doses of IV epinephrine given five minutes(More)
Twelve adult (nine men and three women) cardiac arrest patients were studied as they received CPR by a computerized Thumper to determine the influence of the applied chest compression force on blood flow (as assessed by the end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration) and arterial pressure. At the end of a resuscitation when the decision was made by the senior(More)
The optimal rate of chest compression during CPR in man has been debated. Recently, the end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration (PetCO2) has been shown to correlate with cardiac output during CPR in experimental animals. Eighteen prehospital cardiac arrest patients were studied to determine the effect of external chest compression rate on the PetCO2 and BP(More)
Capnography is a useful tool in differentiating tracheal from esophageal intubation. It may be an especially useful tool in emergency airway management by rescue squads or in the emergency department. However, in clinical practice the question has arisen as to whether prior ingestion of carbonated beverages can generate false-positive capnographic evidence(More)
Vagal maneuvers terminate new onset, catheter-induced paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) in up to 92% of patients. The risk and benefit of vagal maneuvers for treating PSVT in the emergency department (ED) is inadequately defined. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of nonpharmacological vagal interventions in converting(More)
Effective emergency systems using emergency medical technicians (EMTs) trained to defibrillate or paramedics can save more lives from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation than can emergency systems staffed with basic EMTs who cannot defibrillate. This article focuses on the cost-effectiveness of systems staffed with each type of(More)
The risk and benefit of oxygen humidification during ambulance transport is unknown. We cultured the water in plastic multiple-use bottles of humidifiers on 30 randomly selected area ambulances during November 1985. There were 22 positive cultures. Potentially pathogenic bacteria (four Pseudomonas maltophilia, three Pseudomonas aeruginosa, one Klebsiella(More)