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BACKGROUND Resistant ventricular fibrillation, refibrillation. and diminished myocardial contractility are important factors leading to poor survival after cardiac arrest. We hypothesized that dantrolene improves survival after ventricular fibrillation (VF) by rectifying the calcium dysregulation caused by VF. METHODS AND RESULTS VF was induced in 26(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal intercellular communication caused by connexin dysfunction may contribute to atrial fibrillation (AF). The present study assessed the effect of the gap junction conduction-enhancing antiarrhythmic peptide GAP-134 on AF inducibility and maintenance in a dog model of atrial cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-four dogs subject to(More)
BACKGROUND We previously showed that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) reduce vulnerability to atrial fibrillation (AF). The mechanisms underlying this effect are unknown. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to use a genome-wide approach to identify gene expression profiles involved in a new model of AF vulnerability and to determine whether(More)
AIMS Patients with reentrant supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) are often highly symptomatic and the mechanism of symptoms is not well understood. We hypothesized that variation in ventriculoatrial interval (QRS to P) modulates the left atrial pressure and symptoms during tachycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS Three hundred twenty-six patients awaiting(More)
Pre-shock waveform analysis for optimizing the timing of shock delivery could be immensely helpful to emergency medical personnel in treating ventricular fibrillation. For this purpose, our proposed method resolves the pre-shock surface electrocardiogram into independent sources using a blind source separation approach. The electrocardiogram pre-shock(More)
Cardiac arrest is associated with a very high rate of mortality, in part due to inadequate tissue perfusion during attempts at resuscitation. Parameters such as mean arterial pressure and end-tidal carbon dioxide may not accurately reflect adequacy of tissue perfusion during cardiac resuscitation. We hypothesised that quantitative measurements of tissue(More)
Rapid ventricular pacing (RVP) is a well-established animal model of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, this model is limited by a high mortality rate and severe heart failure. The purpose of our study was to assess a new canine model of inducible AF. We performed acute, short-term, simultaneous atrioventricular pacing (SAVP) and RVP (in random order) in 14(More)
BACKGROUND The potential health benefits of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) usually are studied using a combination of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). This combination reduces vulnerability to experimentally induced atrial fibrillation (AF). It is unknown whether EPA and DHA have differential effects when taken alone.(More)
BACKGROUND Prophylactic supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) reduce vulnerability to atrial fibrillation (AF). The effect of PUFAs given after cardiac injury has occurred is unknown. OBJECTIVE To investigate using a model of pacing-induced cardiac injury, the time course of development of injury and whether it was altered by(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia which contributes to morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). Atrial remodeling is a key substrate for the development of AF in HF. However, experimental models that study AF in the setting of HF have important limitations. We evaluated a new dog model of atrial remodeling and(More)