A. Ram

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—Intelligent agents working in real-time domains need to adapt to changing circumstance so that they can improve their performance and avoid their mistakes. AI agents designed for interactive games, however, typically lack this ability. Game agents are traditionally implemented using static, hand-authored behaviors or scripts that are brittle to changing(More)
The concentration of PGD2, PGE2, and of PGF2 alpha was measured in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collected from the cisterna magna of conscious rats (n = 29), which, chronically implanted with a catheter for the CSF sampling, underwent deprivation of daytime sleep. Significant elevation of the CSF level of PGD2 was observed following 2.5-h sleep deprivation(More)
  • A Bers, A K Ram, S D Schultz, F C D = I $ Ac
  • 1998
The excitation and localized damping of electron Bernstein waves EBW in toroidally connned plasmas presents the possibility of eecient means for plasma heating, current drive, and current proole control with external power in the electron cyclotron range of frequencies ECRF. Such use of EBW is particularly interesting for high-plasmas e.g., START, MAST,(More)
The conventional ordinary and extraordinary modes in the electron cyclotron range of frequencies are not suitable for heating of and/or driving currents in spherical tori (ST) plasmas. However, electron Bernstein waves offer an attractive possibility for heating and current drive in this range of frequencies. In this paper, we summarize our theoretical and(More)
it has been shown that, in overdense plasmas of the type encountered in spherical tori, electron Bernstein waves can be excited in a plasma by mode conversion of either an externally launched X mode or an O mode. The electron Bernstein waves are strongly absorbed by electrons in the region where the wave frequency matches the Doppler broadened electron(More)
Coupled theoretical and computational work is presented aimed at understanding and modeling stimulated Raman backscattering (SRBS) relevant to laser-plasma interactions (LPIs) in large-scale, nearly homogeneous plasmas. We address the following five observed, nonlinear phenomena associated with SRBS: coupling of SRBS to Langmuir decay interactions (LDIs);(More)
The conventional ordinary O-mode and the extraordinary X-mode in the electron cyclotron range of frequencies are not suitable for core heating in high-β spherical tokamak plasmas, like the National as they are weakly damped at high harmonics of the electron cyclotron frequency. However, electron Bernstein waves (EBW) can be effective for heating and driving(More)
This paper studies the coherent acceleration of ions interacting with two electrostatic waves in a uniform magnetic field B 0. It generalizes an earlier analysis of waves propagating perpendicularly to B 0 to include the effect of wavenumbers along B 0. The Lie transformation technique is used to develop a perturbation theory describing the ion motion, and(More)