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A novel glycoprotein (gp) expressed by stromal cells of peripheral lymphoid tissue has been characterized immunohistochemically, biochemically, and at the molecular level. This molecule, gp38, was identified with a monoclonal antibody (mAb) (clone 8.1.1) previously shown to react with a subpopulation of thymic epithelium. This mAb generated a reticular(More)
Investigation of human hematopoietic maturation has been hampered by the lack of in vivo models. Although engraftment of irradiated C.B-17 scid/scid (SCID) mice with human progenitor cells occurred after infusion with human pediatric bone marrow cells, significant engraftment of the mouse bone marrow with human cells was dependent upon continuous treatment(More)
Interleukin (IL)-33 is a recently described pro-inflammatory cytokine. Here we demonstrate IL-33 as a regulator of functional osteoclasts (OCs) from human CD14+ monocytes. IL-33 stimulates formation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)+ multinuclear OCs from monocytes. This action was suppressed by anti-ST2 antibody, suggesting that IL-33 acts(More)
We have recently developed a modified SCID-hu mouse model in which the implanted human thymus and liver (hu-thy/liv) and human peripheral T cells become infected with HIV-1 after i.p. inoculation. By using this model, we evaluated the effect of HIV-1 infection on thymic maturation and observed that different HIV-1 strains had divergent effects of thymic(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Morus bombycis Koidzumi is widely distributed in Asia. In Korea, it has been used in traditional medicine because of its apparent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and hepatoprotective properties. AIM OF THE STUDY Although the extract of Morus bombycis Koidzumi (MB) has long since been used as a traditional anti-inflammatory(More)
A hamster mAb (10.1.1), raised against long term cultures of uncloned thymic stromal cells, selectively labeled a subpopulation of medullary stromal cells in situ. By ultrastructural and phenotypic criteria, the stromal cells labeled by this mAb were judged to be epithelial. Although some of the 10.1.1+ epithelial cells were reticular, others were globular(More)
4-Chlorotetrazolo[1,5-a]quinoxaline is a quinoxaline derivative. We aimed to study the effects of 4-chlorotetrazolo[1,5-a]quinoxaline on activation of mast cells in vitro and in mice. 4-Chlorotetrazolo[1,5-a]quinoxaline reversibly inhibited degranulation of mast cells in a dose-dependent manner, and also suppressed the expression and secretion of TNF-α and(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Morus bombycis Koidzumi (MB) is widely distributed throughout Korea, where it is used as a traditional folk remedy for the treatment of allergic diseases including asthma. However, the pharmacological effect and the mechanistic study of MB have not been investigated. We aimed to investigate the anti-allergic activity of MB in(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to determine the anti-arthritis effect and its mechanism of a combination of herbal extracts from Trachelospermi caulis (TC) and Moutan cortex radicis (MC) (TCMC). METHODS The anti-arthritis activity of TCMC was assessed using a mouse model of type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(More)
A novel bacterial strain, designated NA-09T, was isolated from a freshwater sample collected from the Cheonho reservoir, Republic of Korea. Colonies were creamy-white pigmented, translucent, and circular with convex shape. The isolate was Gram-staining negative, strictly aerobic, motile, and rod-shaped. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that(More)