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CONTEXT Recent introduction of shape memory (SM) nickel-titanium (NiTi) alloy into endodontics is a major breakthrough. Although the flexibility of these instruments was enhanced, fracture of rotary endodontic instruments during instrumentation is an important challenge for the operator. Implementation of supplementary manufacturing methods that would(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is to investigate the role of dry cryogenic treatment (CT) temperature and time on the Vickers hardness and wear resistance of new martensitic shape memory (SM) nickel-titanium (NiTi) alloy. The null hypothesis tested was that there is no difference in Vickers hardness and wear resistance between SM NiTi alloys following CT(More)
The operation of generating units to generate energy at reduced cost to reliably serve consumers, recognizing any operational restrictions of generation and transmission facilities is called as Economic Dispatch(ED).In the present paper, an evolutionary modified Deterministic Particle Swarm Optimization (DPSO) is applied for Environmental and Economic Power(More)
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