A. Raghunathan

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Patients with ependymoma exhibit a wide range of clinical outcomes that are currently unexplained by clinical or histological factors. Little is known regarding molecular biomarkers that could predict clinical behavior. Since recent data suggest that these tumors display biological characteristics according to their location (cerebral vs. infratentorial vs.(More)
We present a general and efficient strategy for computing mtustly on unreliable parallel machines. The model of a parallel machine that we use is a CRCW PRAM with dynamic resource fluctuations: processors can fail during the computation, and may possibly bc restored later. We first introduce the notions of dejinite and tentatitie algorithms for executing a(More)
In this paper, we address the problem of automatically transforming <italic>arbitrary</italic> programs written for an ideal parallel machine to run on a <italic>completely asynchronous</italic> machine. We present a <italic>transformation</italic> which can be applied to an ideal program such that the resulting program's execution on an asynchronous(More)
Ependymomas originate in posterior fossa (PF), supratentorial (ST) or spinal cord (SC) compartments. At present, grading schemes are applied independent of anatomic site. We performed detailed histological examination on 238 World Health Organization grade II and III ependymomas. Among PF ependymomas, the presence of hypercellular areas, necrosis,(More)
The need exists for a highly accurate, efficient and inexpensive tool to distinguish normal brain tissue from glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and necrosis boundaries rapidly, in real-time, in the operating room. Raman spectroscopy provides a unique biochemical signature of a tissue type, with the potential to provide intraoperative identification of tumor and(More)
OBJECTIVE Secondary tumorigenesis after exposure to ionizing radiation is a well-described phenomenon. The probability of developing a malignancy after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is theoretically less than conventional external beam radiation therapy; however, the exact risk remains unknown. Such information is important for patient counseling when(More)