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Eighteen of twenty-two patients who were having a tendon transfer to treat rupture of the posterior tibial tendon had evidence of injury to the spring ligament. The injury consisted of a longitudinal tear in the ligament in seven patients, a lax ligament without a gross tear in seven, and a complete rupture of the ligament in four. The ruptured posterior(More)
An unstable second metatarsophalangeal joint may produce pain in the forefoot. Eighteen patients (20 feet) had a transfer of the flexor digitorum longus to the extensor side of the base of the proximal phalanx performed as the primary procedure to stabilize this painful joint. Most patients had a hallux valgus deformity that also required correction,(More)
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