A R Bogdan

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PURPOSE To analyze the characteristics of normal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow waveforms and to relate them to the arterial input and venous output flow waveforms in healthy volunteers. METHODS Cine phase-contrast MR was obtained in 17 volunteers. The temporal velocity information from the cervical pericord CSF spaces, basal cisterns, and aqueduct, as(More)
Localized water-suppressed 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed in an 11-month-old infant with Leigh syndrome. Spectra obtained from the basal ganglia, occipital cortex, and brainstem showed elevations in lactate, which were most pronounced in regions where abnormalities were seen with routine T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. This(More)
PURPOSE To assess movement of the medulla, tonsils, and upper cervical cord as well as that of the posterior fossa cerebrospinal fluid pathways in both normal subjects and those with Chiari I malformations. METHODS Nine healthy volunteers and eight patients with Chiari I malformations were examined with phase-contrast cine MR. With a region-of-interest(More)
This study was done to see if signal intensity in sodium images of edematous rat lungs made after iv administration of a negative intravascular contrast agent could serve as a measure of the edema fluid present. First, a method to produce a stable condition of hydrostatic pulmonary edema was developed and verified by CT. Second, dose-response curves for(More)
The neuroradiological evaluation of Canavan's disease in a 38-month-old girl is discussed. Computed tomography showed diffuse symmetrical low attenuation values of the subcortical and deep cerebral white matter. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated symmetrical diffuse low signal intensity on T1-weighted images and high signal intensity on T2-weighted(More)
Most fast-imaging sequences use gradient echoes and a low flip-angle excitation. The low flip angle is used because it gives increased signal when TR less than T1. However, spin-echo sequences are less productive of certain artifacts, among them flow and magnetic susceptibility artifacts. We present a modification of the spin-echo pulse sequence designed to(More)
Our purpose in this investigation was to explain the heterogeneity in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow pulsation amplitudes. To this end, we determined the contributions of the cerebral arterial and jugular venous flow pulsations to the amplitude of the CSF pulsation. We examined 21 healthy subjects by cine phase-contrast MRI at the C2-3 disc level to(More)
1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy allows the regional quantitation of a number of metabolites from the brain in a noninvasive fashion. Spectra were obtained from 5 normal children and 25 children with brain tumors. Choline (Cho), N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatine and phosphocreatine, and lactate were quantitated in the form of ratios. The brains of normal(More)
Localized proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), obtained with stimulated echo and spin echo sequences, MR imaging (MRI) and MR angiography (MRA) were used to study the brain in 13 children and adolescents with sickle cell disease. Regions of interest (ROI) studied by MRS included regions appearing normal on MRI as well as regions showing(More)
Our purpose was to assess the effect of alterations in the cranial venous outflow on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow waveforms using phase-contrast MRI. Thirteen healthy subjects were assessed for CSF flow and cerebral vascular flow at the C2-3 level, both before and after jugular venous compression (JVC). The flow waveforms were assessed both as an(More)