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It is known that the springlike properties of muscles provide automatic load compensation during weight bearing. How crucial is sensory control of the motor output given these basic properties of the locomotor system? To address this question, a neuromuscular model was used to test two hypotheses. (1) Stretch reflexes are too weak and too delayed to(More)
Implanted wire electrodes are increasingly being used for the functional electrical stimulation of muscles in partially paralysed patients, yet many of their basic characteristics are poorly understood. In this study we investigated the selectivity, recruitment characteristics and range of control of several types of electrode in triceps surae and plantaris(More)
The authors evaluated the efficacy of fluoxetine hydrochloride (Prozac; Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN) as an adjunct to behavioral treatment for smoking cessation. Sixteen sites randomized 989 smokers to 3 dose conditions: 10 weeks of placebo, 30 mg, or 60 mg fluoxetine per day. Smokers received 9 sessions of individualized cognitive-behavioral(More)
In the last decade, a number of laboratories have accumulated data on the firing of single afferent fibres from muscle and skin during movement in awake cats, monkeys and human subjects. While there is general agreement on the firing behaviour of skin afferents and tendon organ (Ib) afferents during movement, there remains a significant divergence of(More)
BACKGROUND Systematic attempts to identify best practices for reducing hospital readmissions have been limited without a comprehensive framework for categorizing prior interventions. Our research aim was to categorize prior interventions to reduce hospital readmissions using the ten domains of the Ideal Transition of Care (ITC) framework, to evaluate which(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing complexity of medical care, coupled with limits on resident work hours, has prompted consideration of extending Internal Medicine training. It is unclear whether further hour reductions and extension of training beyond the current duration of 3 years would be accepted by trainees. OBJECTIVE We aimed to determine if further work-hour(More)
BACKGROUND Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have high rates of smoking. Motivational interviewing (MI) enhances readiness for change. OBJECTIVE To test the feasibility and fidelity of home telehealth care management strategy to improve quit rates. DESIGN A telehealth device delivered a cessation curriculum while a nurse supported(More)
Conclusions Varenicline is better than placebo or bupropion and does not differ from the nicotine patch for smoking abstinence. Varenicline increases serious adverse events compared with placebo. Commentary The updated systematic review by Cahill and colleagues has several new findings that are useful for clinicians. First, cytisine, a low-cost(More)
BACKGROUND Although most hospitalized smokers receive some form of cessation counseling during hospitalization, few receive outpatient cessation counseling and/or pharmacotherapy following discharge, which are key factors associated with long-term cessation. US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals are challenged to find resources to implement and(More)
PURPOSE Since 2004, the Clinical Faculty Scholars Program (CFSP) at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus has provided intensive interdisciplinary mentoring and structured training for early-career clinical faculty from multiple disciplines conducting patient-oriented clinical and outcomes research. This study evaluated the two-year program's(More)