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MT1-MMP is a membrane-bound matrix metalloproteinase (MT-MMP) capable of mediating pericellular proteolysis of extracellular matrix components. MT1-MMP is therefore thought to be an important molecular tool for cellular remodeling of the surrounding matrix. To establish the biological role of this membrane proteinase we generated MT1-MMP-deficient mice by(More)
The activation of collagen synthesis during development of silicotic fibrosis was studied in rats exposed, in dusting chambers, to respirable SiO2 for periods of 2, 4, 6 or 12 months. Control animals were exposed similarly to clean air or TiO2. Development of fibrosis was followed by histological examination, measurement of lung weight and determination of(More)
A high incidence of mesothelioma has been reported from some villages in Cappadocia, Turkey. This type of cancer is usually associated with the inhalation of asbestos, but on the basis of the most prevalent fibre in the dust from these villages, the Turkish outbreak has been attributed to the inhalation of zeolite fibres. A counter hypothesis, based on the(More)
Pericytes are defined by their location in vivo; the pericyte partially surrounds the endothelial cell of the microvessel and shares a common basement membrane with it. As an integral part of the microvasculature, pericytes play a fundamental role in maintaining local and tissue homeostasis. Current evidence also suggests that pericytes function as(More)
Rats treated with temelastine (SK&F 93,944), a novel histamine H1-receptor antagonist, develop thyroid lesions characterized by hypertrophy and colloid depletion. To investigate the mechanism underlying the lesion the biliary clearance and hepatocellular accumulation of radio-labelled iodothyronines was measured in rats or cultured rat hepatocytes.(More)
The cell transforming ability of asbestos dust was investigated using C3H10T 1/2 murine fibroblasts. In a series of experiments both crocidolite and amosite caused no increase in the number of transformed foci over that seen in cultures from untreated cells. The dusts, were, however, capable of augmenting the oncogenic effect of benzo[a]pyrene (BP). This(More)
The in vitro activities of a highly carcinogenic potassium octatitanate fibre (Fybex) have been investigated. This material caused a low level of in vitro transformation in C3H10T1/2 cells and is thus more active in this assay than the UICC amphibole asbestos samples but less active than fibrous erionite. This ranking is in accord with carcinogenicity in(More)
Styrene is not carcinogenic in rats but has caused pneumotoxicity and increased lung tumors after inhalation in mice. This study investigated whether styrene-7,8-oxide, ring-oxidized, and side-chain hydroxylated styrene metabolites induce cell proliferation, apoptosis, pathological changes, and glutathione depletion in mice lungs. Intraperitoneal treatment(More)
Serum immunoreactive prolylhydroxylase (IRPH), galactosylhydroxylsyl glucosyltransferase activity (GGT) and amino-terminal propeptides of type III procollagen (Pro(III) peptide) were measured in fifty three patients with sarcoidosis (all having some degrees of pulmonary fibrosis). The levels of IRPH and Pro(III) peptide showed no relationships to the(More)