A. Podda

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BACKGROUND In 1997, pathogenic avian influenza A/Hong Kong/97 (H5N1) viruses emerged as a pandemic threat to human beings. A non-pathogenic variant, influenza A/Duck/Singapore/97 (H5N3), was identified as a leading vaccine candidate. We did an observer-blind, phase I, randomised trial in healthy volunteers to assess safety, tolerability, and antigenicity of(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1) has the potential to cause a major global pandemic in humans. Safe and effective vaccines that induce immunologic memory and broad heterotypic response are needed. METHODS AND FINDINGS Healthy adults aged 18-60 and > 60 years (n = 313 and n = 173, respectively) were randomized (1:1) to receive two primary(More)
BACKGROUND Typhoid fever causes more than 21 million cases of disease and 200,000 deaths yearly worldwide, with more than 90% of the disease burden being reported from Asia. Epidemiological data show high disease incidence in young children and suggest that immunization programs should target children below two years of age: this is not possible with(More)
Influenza is a major cause of worldwide morbidity and mortality through frequent seasonal epidemics and infrequent pandemics. Morbidity and mortality rates from seasonal influenza are highest in the most frail, such as the elderly, those with underlying chronic conditions and very young children. Antigenic mismatch between strains recommended for vaccine(More)
BACKGROUND The safety and immunogenicity of an MF59-adjuvanted subunit influenza vaccine (Sub/MF59; FLUAD, Novartis Vaccines) was evaluated among elderly Chinese subjects (> or = 60 years of age). After a preliminary Phase I, open-label study (n = 25) to assess safety 1-14 days post-vaccination, a comparative observer-blind, randomised, controlled clinical(More)
BACKGROUND In the context of early vaccine trials aimed at evaluating the safety profile of novel vaccines, abnormal haematological values, such as neutropenia, are often reported. It is therefore important to evaluate how these trials should be planned not to miss potentially important safety signals, but also to understand the implications and the(More)
BACKGROUND Shigella sonnei is an emergent and major diarrheal pathogen for which there is currently no vaccine. We aimed to quantify duration of maternal antibody against S. sonnei and investigate transplacental IgG transfer in a birth cohort in southern Vietnam. METHODS AND RESULTS Over 500-paired maternal/infant plasma samples were evaluated for(More)
Stroke is the second single highest cause of death in Europe. The low reliability of animal models in replicating the human disease is one of the most serious problems in the field of medical and pharmaceutical research about stroke. The standard models for the study of ischemic stroke are often poorly predictive as they simulate only partially the human(More)
Nosocomial/hospital acquired herpes encephalitis is rare and is usually undiagnosed in its early phase because of the non-specific clinical picture and low level of clinical and neuroimaging suspicion. There is a paucity of data in radiology literature for this entity, specifically in the settings of surgery and trauma. We describe two cases of nosocomial(More)
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