A. Pihl

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A total of 237 breast carcinomas have been studied with the Courtenay-Mills (C-M) soft agar method. Cell yields and plating efficiencies (PE) were recorded after various enzyme treatments. The highest cell yields and PEs were obtained with the combination of collagenase 0.5%, hyaluronidase 1000 IE ml-1 and DNase 0.1% and an incubation time of 2 h. Eighty(More)
To study whether colony growth in vitro reflects the prognosis of breast cancer patients, specimens from a total number of 138 patients with primary breast carcinomas were cultivated in the Courtenay-Mills soft agar method. The plating efficiency (PE) values were related to various clinical and histopathological parameters. No significant correlation was(More)
Two soft-agar methods for assaying chemosensitivity of human cancers in vitro were compared with respect to colony morphology, plating efficiency (PE) and chemosensitivity of human melanomas. In 9 xenografts and 9 patients' biopsy specimens Method A (essentially that of Courtenay & Mills, 1978) gave considerably higher PE that Method B (essentially that of(More)
The survival time of mice after i.v. injection of the cancerostatic lectins, abrin and ricin was recorded. The LD50 dose was found to be 10-13 ng and 55-65 ng per mouse for abrin and ricin, respectively. Increasing amounts of toxin reduced the survival time, reaching a minimum of about 10 h. Lactose injected with ricin, provided partial protection against(More)
The characteristics of 7 human melanoma cell lines were compared with those of the xenografts from which they were established. The ultrastructure, melanin content, isozyme pattern and chromosome numbers of the cell lines were closely similar to those of the corresponding xenografts. The different cell lines gave rise to colonies in soft agar of size and(More)
Two mouse monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs), TP-1 and TP-3, previously shown in immunohistochemical studies to react with osteosarcomas, were labelled with 125I or 131I and evaluated for their ability to localise to human osteogenic sarcoma xenografts after intravenous injection. The radiolabelled TP-1 and TP-3 MoAbs had immunoreactive fractions of 70% and 67%,(More)
To investigate the influence of culture conditions on the in vitro responses of tumour cells to anticancer drugs, the sensitivities observed with the soft agar methods of Hamburger & Salmon (1977) (H-S) and of Courtenay & Mills (1978) (C-M) were compared. In all cases the ID50 values were determined from dose-response curves. Six human tumour cell lines(More)
Human tumour lines established in athymic nude mice were grafted under the renal capsule of immunocompetent mice. Grafts from 27 human tumour lines comprising 9 malignant melanomas, 10 sarcomas, 2 colon carcinomas, 4 lung carcinomas and 2 mammary carcinomas, grew well under the renal capsule of the immunocompetent mice and retained morphological and(More)
A retrospective and a prospective trial were carried out in patients with malignant melanomas to investigate the predictive value of an in vitro chemosensitivity assay based on the Courtenay and Mills soft agar cultivation method. Evaluable in vitro chemosensitivity data for the three agents DTIC, CCNU, and vinblastine were obtained in 153 cases. In the(More)
To examine whether selection of tumour cell subpopulations occurs during cultivation in soft agar, we compared in 23 human tumours of different histological types the DNA content of cells from colonies formed in soft agar (method of Courtenay and Mills, 1978) with that of the original tumour cells. The ploidy as well as the fraction of cells in S phase were(More)