A. Papanastasiou-Diamandi

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Recent studies have suggested that insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) may be implicated in the development and progression of breast cancer. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a serine protease, may play a role in the regulation of IGFs' function through cleavage of IGFBP-3, resulting in release of(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are potent mitogens involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis. The action of IGFs is mediated through a specific cell membrane receptor (IGF-IR), and the interactions between IGFs and this receptor are regulated by IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). IGFBP-3 is one such protein which either suppresses or(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the concentration and to evaluate the prognostic value of pepsinogen C (PepC) in breast cancer patients. PepC is an aspartic proteinase that is involved in the digestion of proteins in the stomach and is also synthesized by a subset of human breast tumors. PepC concentrations were measured with a highly sensitive(More)
Digoxin-like immunoreactive substances (DLIS) have been successfully extracted and concentrated from cord serum, mixed (cord and maternal) serum and placentas. Similar substances have also been extracted from normal adult serum, but DLIS in this medium are present in much lower concentrations. Concentrated DLIS have been separated into several(More)
We describe a nonisotopic heterogeneous competitive immunoassay of digoxin in serum using either Fab fragments of a polyclonal antibody or a high-affinity monoclonal antibody. In the assay, digoxin competes with immobilized digoxin (digoxin:thyroglobulin conjugate) for binding to a biotinylated immunoreactant (Fab or monoclonal). The amount of biotinylated(More)
OBJECTIVE Development of an ultrasensitive immunoassay for serum PSA involving conventional detection probes. DESIGN AND METHODS The assay involves a polyclonal antibody immobilized in microtitration wells and a monoclonal antibody labeled with horseradish peroxidase. In a one-step assay, the enzymatic activity of the bound detection antibody is monitored(More)
This new method for determining pancreatic isoamylase (EC 3.2.1.1) in serum involves two monoclonal antibodies: one immobilized in a microtitration well (the capture antibody), the other biotinylated. After the sample is incubated with the two antibodies, the captured immunocomplex is quantified by adding streptavidin labeled with a europium chelator and(More)
We describe an ultrasensitive, enzymatically amplified time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay of thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating hormone) in serum with use of a terbium chelate as the detectable moiety. In this assay, thyrotropin is first simultaneously reacted with a solid-phase (microtiter well) monoclonal antibody and a soluble biotinylated monoclonal(More)
We describe the development of a competitive immunoassay for triiodothyronine (T3) in serum. The assay combines immobilized antigens in microtitration wells with a biotinylated monoclonal anti-T3 antibody and a streptavidin-based universal detection reagent labeled with the Eu3+ chelator 4,7-bis(chloro-sulfophenyl)-1,10 phenanthroline-2,9-dicarboxylic acid(More)
A simple and rapid enzymic fluorimetric method for the determination of sulphated and non-sulphated primary bile acids in urine has been developed. Octadecyisilane-bonded silica cartridges (Sep-Pak CI8) are used for the solid-phase extraction of bile acids (BA) from urine samples. Sulphated BA are solvolysed before measurement with an improved rapid(More)