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The Janzen-Connell hypothesis proposes that host-specific, distance- and/or density-dependent predators and herbivores maintain high tree diversity in tropical forests. Negative feedback between plant and soil communities could be a more effective mechanism promoting species coexistence because soil pathogens can increase rapidly in the presence of their(More)
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Negative feedback between plant and soil microbial communities can be a key determinant of vegetation structure and dynamics. Previous research has shown that negative feedback between black cherry (Prunus serotina) and soil pathogens is strongly distance dependent. Here, we investigate the temporal dynamics of negative feedback. To examine short-term(More)
The presumed cause of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy is atherosclerotic vascular changes. Small-vessel occlusive vascular disease most likely causes occlusion of one or more posterior ciliary arteries, compromising blood flow to the optic nerve head and choroid. We present the case of a 59-year-old black man with cholesterol emboli within the retinal(More)
An unusual case of severe head trauma is reported with postoperative 'total' ophthalmoplegia of the right eye. Subsequent recovery led to an apparent transposition of right medial and right lateral rectus function. Optokinetic stimulation induced convergence nystagmus when the target was moved to the patient's left, and a divergence nystagmus when the(More)
We determined the site of the focal illumination from the Zeiss OPMI-6 operating microscope on the retina of the phakic and aphakic human cadaver eye by directly observing the illuminating element image on the posterior scleral surface of the globe. With the eye straight ahead and the operating microscope level, the focal oval area of retinal illumination(More)
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