A P van Overbeeke

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A series of grafting experiments was conducted to determine pituitary origins prior to brain tube closure in Xenopus laevis. Extirpation experiments indicated that the ventral neural ridge (VNR) tissue of stage-18+ embryos was essential for pituitary development. Bolton-Hunter reagent was used to label stage-18+ VNR tissue with 125I, and this tissue was(More)
This study reports the biosynthesis of two forms of pro-opiomelanocortin in the pars intermedia of the pituitary gland of the African clawed toad Xenopus laevis. The two forms could be resolved by dodecyl sulphate gel electrophoresis on a 9-16% acrylamide gradient and their molecular weights were 38200 and 37300. Incubation of neurointermediate lobes with(More)
Melanophore-stimulating hormone (MSH) release from the pars intermedia of the pituitary gland is probably regulated by multiple factors of hypothalamic origin. We have examined a number of potential regulatory factors for their effects on MSH release from the amphibian Xenopus laevis. Serotonin and acetylcholine have no effect on MSH release. Both(More)
This study reveals the biosynthesis of a gamma 3-melanotropin-like peptide in the pars intermedia of the pituitary gland of the aquatic toad Xenopus laevis. Pulse-chase experiments in vitro showed that this product is synthesized through processing of a prohormone, pro-opiomelanocortin, and that it is released into the incubation medium. The peptide(More)
The biosynthesis of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) and related peptides by the intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland was studied in the frog Rana ridibunda using the pulse-chase technique. Analysis of radioactive proteins by dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that during pulse incubations a 36,000 dalton (36K) glycosylated prohormone(More)
Pulse-chase experiments revealed that the frog pars intermedia synthesizes the desacetyl form of alpha-MSH. Its structure was shown to be similar, if not identical, to the mammalian structure. During release two additional peptides derived from desacetyl alpha-MSH appeared, one being alpha-MSH. We conclude that the N-acetylation of newly synthesized MSH is(More)
This report concerns ontogenetic aspects of the production and in vitro release of NH2-terminally acetylated forms of melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) and beta-endorphin by the pars intermedia of the pituitary gland of the mouse. In vitro biosynthetic analysis and radioimmunoassay revealed that approximately 12 h before birth most of the MSH in(More)
Protein biosynthesis in neurointermediate lobes of mouse pituitaries was investigated using pulse and pulse-chase techniques with [3H]lysine. Electrophoretic analysis of lobe homogenates on acid-urea gels resolved 11 labeled products. One was a large protein which was rapidly synthesized during pulse-incubations and disappeared during chase incubations.(More)