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6.1 INTRODUCTION Giant planet atmospheres provided many of the surprises and remarkable discoveries of planetary exploration during the past few decades. Studying Jupiter's atmosphere and comparing it with Earth's gives us critical insight and a broad understanding of how atmospheres work that could not be obtained by studying Earth alone. Jupiter has half(More)
Heat transport across Europa's ice shell controls the thermal evolution of its interior and provides a source of energy to drive resurfacing. Recent improvements in knowledge of ice rheology, the behavior of convection, and the interaction between convection and lithospheric deformation have led to more realistic and complex models of the geodynamics of(More)
'Hot Jupiter' extrasolar planets are expected to be tidally locked because they are close (<0.05 astronomical units, where 1 au is the average Sun-Earth distance) to their parent stars, resulting in permanent daysides and nightsides. By observing systems where the planet and star periodically eclipse each other, several groups have been able to estimate the(More)
We present global, three-dimensional numerical simulations of the atmospheric circulation on HD209458b and HD189733b and calculate the infrared spectra and light curves predicted by these simulations, which we compare with available observations. Radiative heating/cooling is parameterized with a simplified Newtonian relaxation scheme. Our simulations(More)
We present an optical to near-infrared transmission spectrum of the hot Jupiter HAT-P-1b, based on Hubble Space Telescope observations, covering the spectral regime from 0.29 to 1.027 μm with Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS), which is coupled with a recent Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) transit (1.087 to 1.687 μm). We derive refined physical(More)
We present a three-dimensional model of the bright companion clouds associated with Neptune's Great Dark Spots (GDSs). Our results support the hypothesis that the bright companions of the southern-hemisphere GDS discovered in 1989 and of the northern-hemisphere GDS discovered in 1994 are methane clouds that form at or just below the tropopause and that they(More)