A. P. Sakis Meliopoulos

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Present state estimator performance is not 100% reliable. Specifically, there is significant probability that the state estimators may not converge to an acceptable solution. On an industry wide basis, the probability of non convergence is about 5%. The reasons for this performance have been investigated and have been reported in earlier papers. In this(More)
This paper presents the application of the virtual test bed for visualization and animation of protective relaying problems. The development of protective relaying animation and visualization objects as well as the interfacing with the virtual test bed is described. Two examples of protective relaying animation are presented: (a) modified mho relays and (b)(More)
– Control room operators are faced with frequent security-economy decision-making situations necessitated by stressed system operating conditions, and there is increased need for security-economy decision-support tools. Although probabilistic methods are promising in this regard, they have been mainly used in planning environments. This task force paper(More)
In a deregulated environment, independent generators and utility generators may or may not participate in the load-frequency control of the system. For the purpose of evaluating the performance of such a system, a flexible method has been developed and implemented. The method assumes that load frequency control is performed by an ISO based on parameters(More)
GPS-synchronized equipment (PMUs) is in general higher precision equipment as compared to typical SCADA systems. Conceptually, PMU data are time tagged with accuracy of better than 1 microsecond and magnitude accuracy that is better than 0.1%. This potential performance is not achieved in an actual field installation due to errors from instrumentation(More)
The objectives of smart grid and grid modernization are to increase automation and seamlessly integrate data, models, protection, optimization and control of the power grid. This effort is affected by technological advances. One such technology is the numerical relay which has increased its domination to the point that today has almost completely displaced(More)
The evolution of software engineering, multitasking environment, object oriented programming and symbolically assisted simulation methods have enable the creation of interactive simulation environments that come close to providing a virtual experience of the actual system. The initial attempts at utilizing this technology are impressive and yet the degree(More)