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Non-mammalian vertebrates have an intrinsically photosensitive iris and thus a local pupillary light reflex (PLR). In contrast, it is thought that the PLR in mammals generally requires neuronal circuitry connecting the eye and the brain. Here we report that an intrinsic component of the PLR is in fact widespread in nocturnal and crepuscular mammals. In(More)
A wide variety of organisms exhibit various circadian rhythms in their behavior and physiology. Circadian rhythms are regulated by internal clocks that are generally entrained primarily by the environmental light:dark (L:D) cycle. There have been few studies of circadian rhythms in fossorial species that inhabit an environment where day-night variations are(More)
A wide variety of organisms exhibit circadian rhythms, regulated by internal clocks that are entrained primarily by the alternating cycle of light and darkness. There have been few studies of circadian rhythms in fossorial species that inhabit a microenvironment where day-night variations in most environmental parameters are minimized and where exposure to(More)
Body temperature (T(b)) and metabolic rate (O(2) consumption) were measured continuously in naked mole-rats. Circadian rhythms were observed for both parameters. Body temperature increased at the end of the light phase in a 12L:12D cycle in three of four animals. The remaining animal exhibited a freerunning rhythm of T(b). When animals had access to running(More)
Generation of Trpc7-/-mouse line. Trpc7-/-mice were generated by homologous recombination with a targeting construct to delete a region that includes the TATA box upstream of exon 1 and also exon 1 itself, comprising the untranslated region and the start codon. The removal of this region impairs the start of transcription and the synthesis of the TRPC7(More)
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