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Intracellular and extracellular recordings were made from human neocortical slices of the temporal lobe maintained in vitro. The slices were treated with bicuculline methiodide to reduce synaptic inhibition mediated by tha gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABAA) receptor. Spontaneously occurring epileptiform activity was never observed in over 60 slices examined.(More)
The effects of the putative neurotransmitters norepinephrine (NE), gamma-aminobutyric acid (BAGA), and acetylcholine (ACh) were tested on auditory cortex neurons which were activated acoustically by species-specific vocalizations in awake squirrel monkeys. Five-barrel glass electrodes were used to record the activity single neurons in the superior temporal(More)
The synthetic undecameric peptide, pGlu-Pro-Pro-Gly-Gly-Ser-Lys-Val-Ile-Leu-Phe, known as the hydra head activator peptide, present in high concentrations in mammalian hypothalamus and intestine, was tested for neurotrophic activity in a survival assay using cultured chick embryonic sympathetic and dorsal root ganglion cells, and for morphological(More)
Interictal spikes with a configuration similar to that occurring in grand mal epilepsy were generated by the application of penicillin to a hippocampal slice preparation. This slice preparation has potential value for screening anticonvulsant drugs and for studying epileptic activity. The effect of anticonvulsant drugs on seizure activity was tested at(More)
The relative potential of various antidepressants to induce seizures while being used at therapeutic doses was studied by examining their action on spike activity in perfused guinea pig hippocampal slices. Within the range of concentration studied, imipramine, amitriptyline, nortriptyline, maprotiline, and desipramine tended to increase spike activity in a(More)
To estimate the relative risk of various neuroleptic medications for patients with epilepsy or likely to have neuroleptic-induced seizures, their action on spike activity in perfused guinea pig hippocampal slices was studied. Within the range of concentrations studied, molindone hydrochloride, butaclamol hydrochloride, pimozide, and fluphenazine(More)
In a homogenate of guinea pig hippocampus histamine activated adenylate cyclase and in a hippocampal slice preparation it increased the firing rate of pyramidal cells in the CA3 region. Both activities were apparently mediated by H2 receptors. The concentration of histamine and of the H2 receptor agonist, impromidine, required to stimulate activity was(More)
Animal and human studies have demonstrated that, depending upon the sequence of alcohol presentation, long-term memory of events can either be enhanced or diminished. In the present study a similar phenomenon is demonstrated in the neuronal excitability of slices of hippocampus from guinea pig brains. Alcohol given after, but not before, 3 days of(More)