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The suitability of a colorimetric [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT)] assay to the determination of cell viability following photoradiation therapy (PRT) of human breast and melanoma cell lines has been examined. Results have been shown to correlate with those obtained using a clonogenic assay system. Using the MTT assay(More)
The phenomenon of metal biosorption by microorganisms has been thoroughly documented. Although this phenomenon is exhibited by both living and non-living forms of biomass, the purpose of this chapter will be to review biosorption by the latter. In addition, the application of various technological processes required for exploitation of this phenomenon in(More)
Following growth on chitin-containing media the actinomycete, Streptomyces hygroscopicus produces N-acetylglucosaminidase. When the organism was grown in submerged culture on chitin-containing media, at 30 degrees C, production of the N-acetylglucosaminidase activity has been shown to increase to a maximum at around day 18. Following electrophoretic(More)
In this study, the effects of high-energy shock wave (HESW) frequency on the viability of three different malignant cell lines were evaluated using a piezo-electric generator. The cell lines studied were AR42-J, VX-2 and HeLa. These cells were targeted both in free suspension and immobilised in gelatine beads. All cell lines in free suspension were acutely(More)
An ideal novel treatment for bone defects should provide regeneration without autologous or allogenous grafting, exogenous cells, growth factors, or biomaterials while ensuring spatial and temporal control as well as safety. Therefore, a novel osteoinductive nonviral in vivo gene therapy approach using sonoporation was investigated in ectopic and orthotopic(More)
Therapeutic approaches using gene-based medicines promise alternatives or adjuncts to conventional cancer treatment. Because of its non-invasive nature, ultrasound, as a membrane-permeabilising stimulus has the potential to be highly competitive with viral gene delivery and existing non-viral alternatives. In optimising ultrasound-mediated,(More)
Although the concept of employing ultrasound for the treatment of cancer is not a new one, virtually all existing ultrasound-based clinical cancer treatments are based on hyperthermic ablation. This review seeks to highlight the potential offered by more subtle ultrasound-triggered phenomena such as sonoporation in delivering novel targeted cancer treatment(More)
Bile salts disrupt a functional gastric mucosal barrier which normally minimizes back-diffusion of H+ into mucosa. Our previous studies have shown that ionized bile salts disrupt the barrier to H+ by dissolving membrane lipids. The presence of an unstirred water layer on the surface of the gastric mucosa could protect against bile salt injury either by(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is emerging as a treatment modality for the management of neoplastic disease. Despite considerable clinical success, its application for the treatment of deep-seated lesions is constrained by the inability of visible light to penetrate deeply into tissues. An emerging alternative approach exploits the fact that many(More)
Lysolecithin has been implicated in the pathogenesis of gastric ulcer and reflux gastritis. By use of canine Heidenhain pouches, we examined effects of lysolecithin on the gastric mucosal barrier both at neutral (PO4 buffer, pH 7) and acidic (0.15 M HCl) pH with respect to interaction of lysolecithin with membrane lipids. At both pH values, 2 mM(More)