The effects of graded hemorrhagic hypotension on electrocortical function was investigated in 12 cats anesthetized with alpha-chloralose. Cerebral function was assessed both in terms of spontaneous activity (EEG) and the somatosensory evoked response. No significant changes in the EEG trace or in the amplitude of the positive/negative waves of the primary… (More)
Nine normal elderly subjects and 81 patients with dementia have been studied by computerised tomography (CT) and electroencephalography (EEG). There was a broad relationship between slowing of the basic frequency of the EEG and the severity of mental impairment. Localised slow-wave activity was found in 19% of those with non-vascular dementia and 72% of… (More)
The effect of intracarotid prostacyclin (PGI2) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured by the 133xenon intracarotid injection technique in 8 baboons. Intracarotid prostacyclin increased CBF by 22% at 10(-7) g/kg/min and by 71% at 5 x 10(-6) g/kg/min, accompanied by systemic hypotension and tachycardia. The effects of PGI2 (10(-7) g/kg/min) were not… (More)
Cranial computed tomography (CT) with modified temporal lobe technique, 0.15T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were carried out on 30 patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. Lateralising abnormalities were detected in 21/30 patients overall. Specific lesions were detected by CT in one patient… (More)
The effect of transfer factor prepared from relatives of patients with multiple sclerosis (M.S.) and from unrelated donors on the clinical course of M.S. has been studied in fifteen male and fifteen female patients. Some patients were given transfer factor and some placebo (physiological saline). Results of three independent clinical examinations by… (More)
The effects of phencyclidine on cerebral blood flow, cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen and carbon dioxide reactivity were compared with those of Althesin in six baboons. Under similar and stable levels (Stage 1) of electroencephalographic activity cerebral blood flow and the cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen were significantly less during the infusion of… (More)
We present the results of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in 40 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and normal computed transmission tomography (CT). Abnormalities of regional cerebral blood flow were found in 26 patients. There was focal hypoperfusion alone in 14, focal hyperperfusion alone in 6, and both types of abnormality in 6. In 4… (More)
A series of cervical myelograms performed by direct puncture resulted in almost identical incidence of side effects, more contrast within the skull, more frequent EEG abnormalities and only slightly better radiographic quality than in a comparable series of patients in whom the contrast was run up from the lumbar region.