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OBJECTIVES To evaluate and compare physical activity patterns of urban and rural dwellers in Cameroon, and study their relationship with obesity, diabetes and hypertension. METHODS We studied 2465 subjects aged >or=15 y, recruited on the basis of a random sampling of households, of whom 1183 were urban dwellers from Yaoundé, the capital city of Cameroon(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is becoming increasingly important in sub-Saharan Africa. However, evidences in support of this trend with time are still not available. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 10-year change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension in rural and urban Cameroon. METHODS Two cross-sectional population-based surveys(More)
Qualitative and quantitative approaches were used in a rural hospital of Cameroon to assess how much nursing personnel know about and practise in regard to human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), and to determine health service factors that influence knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP). Participants included 107(More)
CONTEXT A recent overview of all CVD models applicable to diabetes patients is not available. OBJECTIVE To review the primary prevention studies that focused on the development, validation and impact assessment of a cardiovascular risk model, scores or rules that can be applied to patients with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN Systematic review. DATA SOURCES(More)
Few studies have examined both the relative magnitude of association and the discriminative capability of multiple indicators of obesity with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality risk. We conducted an individual-participant meta-analysis of nine cohort studies of men and women drawn from the British general population resulting in sample of 82 864(More)
BACKGROUND The link between measures of adiposity and prevalent screen-detected diabetes (SDM) in Africa has been less well investigated. We assessed and compared the strength of association and discriminatory capability of measures of adiposity including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist-hip-ratio (WHR) and(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the association between obesity and the risk of intensive care unit (ICU) admission and death among patients hospitalized for influenza A (H1N1) viral infection. A systematic review of the Medline and Cochrane databases using 'obesity', 'hospitalization', 'influenza A viral infection', various synonyms, and reference(More)
AIMS We assessed temporal trends in diabetes prevalence and key diabetes risk factors (obesity, physical activity, smoking) over 5 years in a nationally representative sample. METHODS Participants were drawn from the Scottish Health Surveys, which recruited two separate, nationally representative samples in 2003 (n = 7229, aged 50.5 ± 17.2 years) and 2008(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the association between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among participants with and without diabetes from cohorts in the Asia-Pacific region. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Hazards ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for CVD were calculated from Cox models, stratified by sex and region and adjusted for(More)
The aim of these analyses was to examine the efficacy of the intensive gliclazide MR-based glucose lowering regimen used in the ADVANCE trial in lowering the level of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c). All 11,140 randomised patients were included in analyses of treatment efficacy. Treatment efficacy was also examined in subgroups defined by baseline(More)