Learn More
Laccases are multi-copper containing oxidases (EC, widely distributed in fungi, higher plants and bacteria. Laccase catalyses the oxidation of phenols, polyphenols and anilines by one-electron abstraction, with the concomitant reduction of oxygen to water in a four-electron transfer process. In the presence of small redox mediators, laccase offers(More)
Thermostable laccases with a high-redox potential have been engineered through a strategy that combines directed evolution with rational approaches. The original laccase signal sequence was replaced by the α-factor prepro-leader, and the corresponding fusion gene was targeted for joint laboratory evolution with the aim of improving kinetics and secretion by(More)
Laccases are an interesting group of multi copper enzymes, which have received much attention of researchers in last decades due to their ability to oxidize both phenolic and non-phenolic lignin related compounds as well as highly recalcitrant environmental pollutants. This makes these biocatalysts very useful for their application in several(More)
BACKGROUND In the picture of a laboratory evolution experiment, to improve the thermostability whilst maintaining the activity requires of suitable procedures to generate diversity in combination with robust high-throughput protocols. The current work describes how to achieve this goal by engineering ligninolytic oxidoreductases (a high-redox potential(More)
Modern biocatalysis is developing new and precise tools to improve a wide range of production processes, which reduce energy and raw material consumption and generate less waste and toxic side-products. Biocatalysis is also achieving new advances in environmental fields, from enzymatic bioremediation to the synthesis of renewable and clean energies and(More)
A novel enzyme, RA.04, belonging to the alpha-amylase family was obtained after expression of metagenomic DNA from rumen fluid (Ferrer et al.: Environ. Microbiol. 2005, 7, 1996-2010). The purified RA.04 has a tetrameric structure (280 kDa) and exhibited maximum activity (5000 U/mg protein) at 70 degrees C and was active within an unusually broad pH range(More)
We have purified and characterized two isoenzymes from a commercial lipase preparation of Candida cylindracea. The purification procedure includes ethanol precipitation and DEAE-Sephacel and Sephacryl HR 100 chromatographies. Lipase A and lipase B were purified 11-fold with a 5% and 21% recovery in activity, respectively. The enzymes have similar amino acid(More)
RL5, a gene coding for a novel polyphenol oxidase, was identified through activity screening of a metagenome expression library from bovine rumen microflora. Characterization of the recombinant protein produced in Escherichia coli revealed a multipotent capacity to oxidize a wide range of substrates (syringaldazine > 2,6-dimethoxyphenol > veratryl alcohol >(More)
A fructosyltransferase present in Pectinex Ultra SP-L, a commercial enzyme preparation from Aspergillus aculeatus, was purified to 107-fold and further characterised. The enzyme was a dimeric glycoprotein (20% (w/w) carbohydrate content) with a molecular mass of around 135 kDa for the dimer. Optimal activity/stability was found in the pH range 5.0-7.0 and(More)
Chlamydomonas reinhardii cells, after a period of dark anaerobic adaptation, evolve H(2) not only in the dark but also in the light. Our results show that high irradiances impair prolonged H(2) evolution, while under low irradiances or darkness H(2) evolution proceeds for more than 50 hours. NO(3) (-) and NO(2) (-) suppress H(2) evolution both in the dark(More)