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Sleep spindles are transient EEG waveforms of non-rapid eye movement sleep. There is considerable intersubject variability in spindle amplitudes. The problem in automatic spindle detection has been that, despite this fact, a fixed amplitude threshold has been used. Selection of the spindle detection threshold value is critical with respect to the(More)
B iomedical signal databases generally are built for reference purposes. In order to make use of such reference databases , a physiological or medical question first has to be specified. Like in any medical study, hypotheses have to be formulated before setting up a biomedical signal database. The questions posed and the hypotheses formulated naturally lead(More)
A fully automatic method to analyse electro-encephalogram (EEG) sleep spindle frequency evolution during the night was developed and tested. Twenty all-night recordings were studied from ten healthy control subjects and ten sleep apnoea patients. A total of 22,868 spindles were detected. The overall mean spindle frequency was significantly higher in the(More)
Electrophysiological recordings are considered a reliable method of assessing a person's alertness. The aim of this study was to show, firstly, that changes in alertness during a Reaction Time Test (RTT) can be determined with certain adaptive scoring stages but not with R&K scoring and secondly, that the different adaptive stages can explain findings in(More)
Spindles are one of the most important short-lasting waveforms in sleep EEG. They are the hallmarks of the so-called Stage 2 sleep. Visual spindle scoring is a tedious workload, since there are often a thousand spindles in one all-night recording of some 8 hr. Automated methods for spindle detection typically use some form of fixed spindle amplitude(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop improved methods for objective assessment of daytime vigilance. This is important in the diagnosis and therapy control of sleep disorders associated with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). METHODS Twenty-one patients with EDS due to obstructive sleep apnea were recorded during a daytime 90 min reaction time (RT) test in a monotonous(More)
A new method is presented to study the relationship between reaction time and blood pressure, heart rate and EEG. The method consists of a simultaneous recording of continuous invasive or non-invasive arterial blood pressure, ECG, EEG, EMG and EOG in a sound-isolated chamber while a monotonous visual reaction time test is running for about 90 minutes. The(More)
A computer program for the analysis of blood pressure, heart rate, oxygen saturation and some other polysomnographic signals is presented. The program analyzes the signals, digitized by using a 100 Hz sampling frequency, in one second resolution. The analysis and calibration periods can be entered to the program by pointing at the appropriate positions of(More)
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