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BACKGROUND A pilot programme of Cohort Event Monitoring (CEM) was conducted across the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria on patients treated for uncomplicated malaria with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT). The emergence and spread of malaria parasites resistant to commonly available antimalarial drugs necessitated a shift in policy for malaria(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the knowledge of malaria and its control methods among urban dwellers in Benin City, Edo State with a view to making recommendations on its prevention. METHODS The study was of a cross-sectional descriptive type, using multi-stage sampling technique. Semi-structured questionnaires were researcher-administered and data analysed by(More)
The oral LD50 of indomethacin for a seven-day observation was found to be 12.58 +/- 1.15 mg/kg. At LD10 of 6.61 mg/kg, a dose to weight ratio of 28 was obtained for a 240 g rat, while at a maximum single dose of 3 mg/kg in man it is only 0.04. Neither diazepam nor phenobarbital influenced death at the doses of both drugs used. However, cholestyramine 2(More)
Seasonal chemical composition and ruminal organic matter (OM) and crude protein (CP) degradabilities were determined in four tropical multi-purpose tree species (MPTS) namely; Pterocarpus santalinoides, Grewia pubescens, Enterolobium cyclocarpum and Leucaena leucocephala. Three West African dwarf (WAD) rams fitted with permanent rumen cannula were used for(More)
The thalidomide tragedy in the late 1950s and early 1960s served as a wakeup call and raised questions about the safety of medicinal products. The developed countries rose to the challenge putting in place systems to ensure the safety of medicines. However, this was not the case for low-resource settings because of prevailing factors inherent in them. This(More)
The newly introduced WHO Drug Use Indicators enable the delineation of drug use patterns, identification of inappropriate use and evaluation of interventional strategies. This study highlights the drug use pattern in a city hospital and further identifies areas of inappropriate use that need to be addressed. Records of 614 patient encounters(More)
In order to evaluate whether amlodipine or hydrochlorothiazide would be preferable to initiate therapy, 90 untreated hypertensive Nigerians of both genders aged 31-86 years with blood pressure >160/90 and ≤180/120 mm Hg were recruited into a randomized 48-week study. Patients, 30 each in amlodipine, hydrochlorothiazide, and amlodipine-hydrochlorothiazide(More)
1. The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of prochlorperazine (PCZ) have been studied in healthy young males following single 12.5 mg i.v. and 50 mg oral doses, and during repeated doses (25 mg twice daily) for 14 days. 2. Oral bioavailability was low and an N-desmethyl metabolite was detected. Plasma clearance was high (0.98 1 kg-1 h) and the volume of(More)
BACKGROUND Writing a prescription is a vital part of the process of rational therapeutics; a badly written prescription could undermine a clinical consultation. OBJECTIVES To determine how far prescriptions meet accepted standards, identify factors underlying poor prescription writing, intervene by educational methods, and evaluate the effects of(More)
The pharmacokinetics and effects of prochlorperazine (PCZ) have been studied in six healthy elderly female volunteers in a double-blind placebo-controlled study of 3.125 mg intravenous (IV) and 25 mg oral PCZ. The pharmacokinetics of IV PCZ in elderly subjects appear similar to those previously obtained in young subjects, with a terminal half-life of 7.5(More)