A . O . Abd El Halim

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The ability to stop the self-assembly of gold nanocrystals at a desired stage of the process provides new leverage to understand and control the dynamics of self-assembly. Herein, competitive ligands are used to unfavor the interaction of the cross-linker with the gold surface and terminate the growth reaction of gold nanoparticles and nanorod chains.
Introduction A bulk-heterojunction solar cell, used in organic photovoltaics (OPVs), consists of an active layer with a mixture of donor and acceptor phases, whose morphology greatly impacts the performance of the cell [1]. Determining the crystal structures of small molecules used in OPVs aids in understanding their morphology. However, not all small(More)
training me on various instruments and answering my questions. I would also like to thank Dr. Kroger for allowing me to use his Zetasizer and Nick Haase for training and helping me in using the Zetasizer. Lastly, I would like to thank Exide Technologies for funding this project through a research scholarship and the Institute Presidentʼs Office for granting(More)
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