A. Norrie Pearce

Learn More
Bioassay-directed fractionation of an extract of the New Zealand ascidian Aplidium scabellum has afforded the anti-inflammatory secondary metabolite 2-geranyl-6-methoxy-1,4-hydroquinone-4-sulfate (1) and a family of pseudodimeric meroterpenoids scabellones A (2)-D (5). The benzo[c]chromene-7,10-dione scaffold contained within scabellones A-D is particularly(More)
We determined whether defense by individual bees against non-nestmates in honey bees (Apis mellifera) is correlated with their juvenile hormone (JH) titers, which are known to vary developmentally and seasonally. We bioassayed winter and summer bees for aggressive and non-aggressive individuals. Bees in winter could not be distinguished by task group, but(More)
Two new indole spermidine alkaloids, didemnidines A (1) and B (2), have been isolated from the New Zealand ascidian Didemnum sp. The structures of the metabolites, determined by analysis of 2D NMR spectra and confirmed via synthesis, embody an indole-3-glyoxylamide moiety linked to the N(1) position of spermidine, the latter motif being particularly rare(More)
One tetrahydro-β-carboline, (-)-7-bromohomotrypargine (1), and three alkylguanidine-substituted β-carbolines, opacalines A, B, and C (2-4), have been isolated from the New Zealand ascidian Pseudodistoma opacum. The structures of the metabolites were determined by analysis of mass spectrometric and 2D NMR spectroscopic data. Natural products 2 and 3,(More)
Pure compound screening has identified the dioxothiazino-quinoline-quinone ascidian metabolite ascidiathiazone A (2) to be a moderate growth inhibitor of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (IC₅₀ 3.1 μM) and Plasmodium falciparum (K1 dual drug resistant strain) (IC₅₀ 3.3 μM) while exhibiting low levels of cytotoxicity (L6, IC₅₀ 167 μM). A series of C-7 amide and(More)
Ascidiathiazones A (3) and B (4), two new tricyclic thiazine-containing quinolinequinone alkaloids, were isolated from the New Zealand ascidian Aplidium species. Both compounds inhibited the in vitro production of superoxide by PMA-stimulated human neutrophils in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 1.55 +/- 0.32 and 0.44 +/- 0.09 microM, respectively. In vivo(More)
This review covers natural products (secondary metabolites) with reported growth inhibitory activity towards Mycobacterium tuberculosis or related organisms. Such compounds have been isolated from a variety of sources including terrestrial and marine plants and animals, and microorganisms, with the express intent of identifying novel scaffolds for the(More)
We recently reported that 1,14-diphenylacetamide derivatives of spermine exhibit potent nM in vitro growth inhibition properties of Plasmodium falciparum. In an effort to expand the structure-activity relationship of this compound class towards malaria, we have prepared and biologically tested a library that includes benzamide and 3-phenylpropanamide(More)
The first occurrence of an acetylenic 1-amino-2-alcohol, distaminolyne A (1), isolated from the New Zealand ascidian Pseudodistoma opacum, is reported. The isolation and structure elucidation of 1 and assignment of absolute configuration using the exciton coupled circular dichroism technique are described. In addition, a new N-9 hydroxy analogue (2) of the(More)
Sixteen new thiazine-quinoline-quinones have been synthesised, plus one bicyclic analogue. These compounds inhibited neutrophil superoxide production in vitro with IC(50)s as low 60 nM. Compounds with high in vitro anti-inflammatory activity were also tested in a mouse model of acute inflammation. The most active compounds inhibited both neutrophil(More)