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Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy has been genetically linked to reduced numbers (≤ 8) of D4Z4 repeats at 4q35 combined with 4A(159/161/168) DUX4 polyadenylation signal haplotype. However, we have recently reported that 1.3% of healthy individuals carry this molecular signature and 19% of subjects affected by facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy do(More)
OBJECTIVES Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1 (FSHD1) has been genetically linked to reduced numbers (≤ 8) of D4Z4 repeats at 4q35. Particularly severe FSHD cases, characterised by an infantile onset and presence of additional extra-muscular features, have been associated with the shortest D4Z4 reduced alleles with 1-3 repeats (1-3 DRA). We(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the frequency and type of peripheral neuropathy (PNP) in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), as well as to identify factors that may be associated with this abnormality. METHODS This study comprised 111 adult patients with DM1. Nerve conduction study was performed on sural, peroneal and median nerves of both limbs. (More)
Based on the 7-year experience of the Italian Clinical Network for FSHD, we revised the FSHD clinical form to describe, in a harmonized manner, the phenotypic spectrum observed in FSHD. The new Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Form (CCEF) defines various clinical categories by the combination of different features. The inter-rater reproducibility of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Diagnostic procedures are often overused in the attempt to substitute for the good clinical examination. The aim of this study was to evaluate the type and the accuracy of the referral diagnosis to our EMG lab, as well as the impact of electrodiagnostic (EDX) examination on the diagnosis of our patients. METHODS In this prospective study all(More)
AIM To analyze quality of life (QoL) in a large cohort of myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) patients in comparison to DM1 control group using both generic and disease specific questionnaires. In addition, we intended to identify different factors that might affect QoL of DM2 subjects. PATIENTS AND METHOD 49 DM2 patients were compared with 42 adult-onset DM1(More)
Myopathic changes are frequent a electrophysiological finding in patients with muscle specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK) positive myasthenia gravis (MG). The aim of this study was to explore the importance of quantitative electromyography (EMG) in the detection of myopathic changes in MuSK MG patients. Classical and quantitative EMG were performed in 31 MuSK(More)
Congenital lumbar hernias are rare malformations caused by defects in the development of the posterior abdominal wall. A known association exists with lumbocostovertebral syndrome; however other associated anomalies, including one case with arthrogryposis, have been previously reported. We present an infant girl with bilateral congenital lumbar hernias,(More)
Objectives: Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1 (FSHD1) has been genetically linked to reduced numbers (≤8) of D4Z4 repeats at 4q35. Particularly severe FSHD cases, characterised by an infantile onset and presence of additional extra-muscular features, have been associated with the shortest D4Z4 reduced alleles with 1–3 repeats (1–3 DRA). We(More)