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30 patients with acute exacerbations of multiple sclerosis were treated by ACTH, dexamethasone or methylprednisolone in a double-blind randomized study. Clinical parameters were assessed; cerebrospinal fluid and neurophysiological parameters (visual- and brainstem-evoked potentials) were evaluated at the beginning and at the end of treatment. Dexamethasone(More)
CSF and serum levels of soluble Fas were studied in MS patients, in patients with various neurological diseases and in healthy controls. We did not detect differences in serum sFas levels between MS patients and controls. In CSF, despite sFas levels being similar in all patients studied, a statistically significant correlation between sFas CSF/sFas serum(More)
The prognostic significance of cerebrospinal fluid electrophoresis and IgG-index has been investigated in 44 patients, of whom 10 had optic neuritis and 34 suspected, possible or probable multiple sclerosis. The predictive value of CSF oligoclonal banding for future disease dissemination is very high in the suspected multiple sclerosis subgroup, where after(More)
The preliminary results of a double blind controlled prospective randomized trial of Azathioprine for therapeutic efficacy in 38 patients with Multiple Sclerosis are reported. Progression of the disease is significantly reduced in Azathioprine-treated group in comparison to Placebo-treated patients, but this effect is reached only after 3 years of treatment(More)
We studied the allelic constitution at the HLA class II DQA1, DQB1, DRB1 and DPB1 in 94 Italian multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and 98 controls. No significant increase in the frequency of DR2 alleles was detected among MS patients, as previously observed both in European and some Italian studies. A slight increase was found for the DQA1*0301 and DQB1*0602(More)
Despite the longstanding clinical use of azathioprine as an immunosuppressive agent in multiple sclerosis, little is known about the action of this drug on a number of parameters of putative pathogenic relevance in the disease. Eleven patients with multiple sclerosis, treated with azathioprine 2.5-3 mg/kg per day, and six untreated patients were studied(More)
Cluster headache is a disorder of unknown origin. Some studies have focused their attention on neuroendocrine derangement, others on immunity. To probe central alterations in cluster headache (CH), immune parameters were investigated in cluster headache patients in comparison to low back pain patients and healthy controls. Increases in peripheral blood(More)
Serum interleukin 10 (IL10) levels were assessed in patients with multiple sclerosis who were either in a stable or active clinical condition. The levels were compared with values in healthy controls. Lower IL10 levels than in controls were seen in multiple sclerosis patients, regardless of clinical disease activity. Low IL10 levels were also seen in(More)
The in vivo effects on the expression of adhesion molecules and on the adhesion between mononuclear cells and multiple sclerosis human brain endothelial cells (MS-HBECs) were investigated at the beginning of beta-IFN-1b treatment of MS patients. MS-HBECs were isolated from a surgical specimen obtained from an MS patient undergoing brain surgery for vascular(More)