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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) was produced by the spontaneously immortal Schwann cell clone, iSC, when cocultured with PC12 cells. The iSC cell-derived IL-6 in coculture conditioned media caused the neuronal differentiation of naive PC12 cells and this bioactivity was neutralized by preincubation of conditioned media with antisera to IL-6. Cocultured iSC transcribe(More)
We have conditionally immortalized oligodendrocytes isolated from normal and shiverer primary mouse brain cultures through the use of the retroviral vector ZIPSVtsA58. This vector encodes an immortalizing thermolabile simian virus 40 large T antigen (Tag) and allows for clonal selection by conferring neomycin (G418) resistance. We isolated 14 shiverer and(More)
The studies reported here present evidence for the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) by an oligodendroglial cell line and of NGF by oligodendrocytes in mouse primary culture. An immortalized oligodendroglial cell line (N19) expressing markers for immature oligodendrocytes stimulated PC12 cells to elaborate(More)
To address the regulation of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) gene expression, we have isolated 5' extended cDNAs, cloned the human GDNF gene, and characterized the promoter. GDNF-encoding 5' extended cDNAs containing a novel exon were isolated via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of mRNA from human fetal kidney and(More)
Expression of mRNAs for the two major myelin proteins, myelin basic protein (MBP) and proteolipid protein (PLP), was examined in a number of regions of the developing mouse brain using in situ hybridization. In general, MBP and PLP mRNAs were observed to be coexpressed during ontogeny, prior to the histological appearance of myelin. Expression of both mRNAs(More)
Normal glial cells immortalized at specific developmental stages would be useful tools with which to study glial cell differentiation in vitro. Similarly, immortalized glial cell lines derived from known neurological mutants with identified developmental, molecular genetic defects would also be useful for the in vitro examination of the effects of the(More)
The objective was to investigate the effects of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) and ciliary neurotropic factor (CNTF) on peripheral nerve regeneration. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats underwent left sciatic nerve transection and repair according to three experimental groups: epineurial coaptation (EC), EC with BDNF delivered by an osmotic pump (EC-BDNF),(More)
Human SK-N-AS neuroblastoma and U-87MG glioblastoma cell lines were found to secrete relatively high levels of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF). In response to growth factors, cytokines, and pharmacophores, the two cell lines differentially regulated GDNF release. A 24-hr exposure to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha; 10 ng/ml) or(More)
The nerve-muscle pedicle was studied in dogs using visual, electromyographic, and histochemical means. All methods failed to show evidence of reinnervation. It would appear that the nerve-muscle pedicle operative procedure causes fibrosis and lateral displacement of the vocal cord with a subsequent improvement in the airway. It thus functions as a minimal(More)
We have monitored glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) secretion from rat C6 glioblastoma cells by ELISA. Representative cytokines, neurotrophins, growth factors, neuropeptides, and pharmacological agents were tested for their ability to modulate GDNF release. Whereas most factors tested had minimal effect, a 24-h treatment with fibroblast(More)