A. N. Trofimov

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Impairments to cognitive functions in in children and adults often result from various pathologies occurring during the prenatal period and early postnatal period of development (birth traumas, hypoxia, infectious diseases). The present study identified impaired learning in a Morris water maze in adult rats given interleukin-1β during the third week of(More)
Aggression, hyperactivity, impulsivity, helplessness and anhedonia are all signs of depressive-like disorders in humans and are often reported to be present in animal models of depression induced by stress or by inflammatory challenges. However, chronic mild stress (CMS) and clinically silent inflammation, during the recovery period after an infection, for(More)
Hypotheses relating to the developmental nature of cognitive impairments in schizophrenia and other neuropathologies propose that the development of stable cognitive deficit involves important roles for hypoxia, trauma, and infections operating during the prenatal and early postnatal periods. These pathological states are accompanied by increases in the(More)
The cytokine MIF is involved in inflammation and cell proliferation via pathways initiated by its binding to the transmembrane receptor CD74. MIF also promotes AMPK activation with potential benefits for response to myocardial infarction and ischemia-reperfusion. Structure-based molecular design has led to the discovery of not only antagonists, but also the(More)
Substituted N-phenylbenzisothiazolones have been investigated as inhibitors of the tautomerase activity of the proinflammatory cytokine MIF (macrophage migration inhibitory factor). Numerous compounds were found to possess antagonist activity in the low micromolar range with the most potent being the 6-hydroxy analog 1w. Compound 1w and the p-cyano analog(More)
According to the Neurodevelopmental hypothesis, the long-lasting cognitive deficit in schizophrenia and other types of neuropathology may occur by injurious factors, such as hypoxia, traumas, infections that take place during pre- and postnatal development, at least at early stages. These pathological conditions are often associated with the high production(More)
STUDY DESIGN A group of the examined patients with arterial hypertension comprised 412 persons, living under the conditions of the North and the moderate latitudes. 24-hour monitoring of blood pressure (BP) and echocardiography were used. Routine heliogeophysical monitoring was conducted. Heliogeophysical situation at early ontogenesis of the examined was(More)