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Two hundred and forty-three elderly people aged 60 to 96 years were questioned about their falls, and their sway was measured. For comparison sway was also measured in 63 younger subjects. Sway increased with age and was higher in women at all ages. There was no difference in sway between those with no history of falls and those who fell only because of(More)
Mean deep body temperature fell by 0.4 +/- 0.1 (SD) degrees C in five sedentary, clothed 63-70 year old men and by 0.1 +/- 0.1 degrees C in four young adults after 2 h exposure in still air at 6 degrees C (P less than 0.001). The mean increase in systolic and diastolic pressure was significantly greater (P less than 0.002) in the older subjects (24 +/- 4(More)
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial was carried out to compare 24-week periods of treatment with 1 g acetyl-l-carnitine twice daily and placebo in the treatment of patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type. A total of 36 patients entered the trial, of whom 20 patients (7 active, 13 placebo) completed the full 24(More)
A study of 17 elderly men and 13 young adults of similar body build and wearing equivalent clothing insulation (0.8 clo) showed that when given control over their environment the elderly preferred the same mean comfort temperature (22-23 degrees C) but manipulated ambient temperature much less precisely than the young. Slow adjustment of ambient temperature(More)
A longitudinal study of the age-related decline in thermoregulatory capacity was made in 47 elderly people to try to identify those at risk from spontaneous hypothermia. During the winters of 1971-2 and 1975-6 environmental and body temperature profiles were obtained in the home, and thermoregulatory function was investigated by cooling and warming tests.(More)
The sweating responses to thermal stimulation and to the intradermal injection of acetyl choline or methacholine were measured in 28 men and 18 women aged 70 and over and were compared with the responses in young control subjects of both sexes. There was found to be a marked reduction in the sweating activity of the majority of aged men in comparison with(More)
All patients with fractured neck of the femur admitted to hospitals in two areas (North London and Manchester) in a period of one year have been examined--a total of 384 patients. Compared to control groups of similar age, the older fracture patients showed a higher prevalence of chronic brain syndrome, they were in poorer physical state and their skinfold(More)
Two large-scale surveys of body temperatures in elderly people living at home were carried out in the winter of 1972. Most of the homes visited were cold with room temperatures below the minimum recommended by the Department of Health. Deep body temperatures below 35.5 degrees C were found in 10% of those studied, and the difference between the skin(More)