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BACKGROUND Kidney stones affect people worldwide and have a high rate of recurrence even with treatment. Recurrences are particularly prevalent in people with low urinary citrate levels. These people have a higher incidence of calcium phosphate and calcium oxalate stones. Oral citrate therapy increases the urinary citrate levels, which in turn binds with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the feasibility of visualizing lymphatic drainage of the prostate using indocyanine green. The results were compared with standard radio-guided sentinel lymph node dissection and validated by extended pelvic lymph node dissection. METHODS From March 2010 to October 2011, (99m)Tc-labelled colloid (18 hours before surgery) and(More)
Our "tips and tricks" focuses on all aspects of upper tract endourology and we hope these will be of use to all trainees and consultants who perform ureteroscopy. We report an "expert consensus view" from experienced endourological surgeons, on all aspects of advanced ureteroscopic techniques, with a particular focus on avoiding and getting out of trouble(More)
INTRODUCTION There is a paucity of a standardized post-operative complications grading system in urology especially in the elderly population. Studies show satisfactory survival and oncological outcomes albeit with a slight increase in post-operative morbidity compared to younger patients. The Clavien-Dindo classification for post-operative complications is(More)
OBJECTIVES To validate the use of a novel physical model, the "Clinical Male Pelvic Trainer (CMPT) Mk 2-Advanced," for scrotal examination simulation and evaluate its use for surgical education. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 7 CMPT Mk 2-Advanced scrotal models were used for teaching: normal, varicocele, testicular tumor, epididymal cyst, hydrocele,(More)
Ureteroscopy is fast becoming the first line treatment option for the majority of urinary tract stones. Ureteroscopy training can be performed in a variety of ways including simulation, hands on ureteroscopy courses and supervised operative experience. We report an "expert consensus view" from experienced endourological surgeons, on all aspects of basic(More)
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